From documenting impacts to enabling actions: Strengthening capacity for incorporating malaria control into planning and management of water infrastructure
There is growing acceptance that dams generally lead to elevated malaria risk in Africa. The degree to which this growing acceptance has translated into an amplification of control efforts is nonetheless questionable, due at least partially to the reality that water managers and disease control specialists are unclear what, precisely, can be done differently. This project aims to begin to eliminate this knowledge barrier by identifying key risk factors for elevated malaria transmission around dams. Further, by considering both large and small dams, the work will help to identify how size of reservoir may affect malaria risk. Ultimately, by disaggregating malaria risk around dams, this work will allow relevant authorities to modify their control efforts to target dams and communities facing greatest risk. The work will make use of an existing large dam database in Africa, as well as small dam data sets in the Volta and Limpopo basins. Ultimately, detailed findings will be translated into simplified policy guidance so that relevant decisionmakers can incorporate such findings into their approaches to water planning and management. Through dissemination and absorption of improved knowledge on how to plan for and potentially avoid elevated malaria, capacity for managing infrastructure portfolios will be strengthened.