Sub Themes

Theme Governance, Gender and Poverty is divided into two strategic sub-themes, which are:

Governance and Political Economy

Governance and Political Economy focuses on research, communications and uptake that supports the development of more accountable institutions to deliver more equitable and sustainable outcomes for the poor and marginalized groups.

The sub-theme’s major areas of work include:

  • Strengthening collective action for sustainable and inclusive natural resource governance across scales
  • Integrate power mapping and analysis in ongoing policy discussions towards more deliberative policy processes
  • Building more accountable local resource governance relying on grass-roots forces and its inter-linkages with other key stakeholders


Recent Publications
  • Suhardiman, D. 2016. Linking Irrigation Development with the Wider Agrarian Context: Everyday Class Politics in Water Distribution Practices in Rural Java. The Journal of Development Studies. 1-13.
  • Suhardiman, D. 2016. Irrigation management transfer and the shaping of irrigation realities in Indonesia: From means to empower farmers to a tool to transfer rent seeking? Human Organization 74 (4)
  • Katus, S., D. Suhardiman, S. Selamuttu. 2016. When local power meets hydropower: Reconceptualizing resettlement along the Nam Gnouang River in Laos. Geoforum 72: 6-15.
  • Suhardiman, D., Giordano, O. Keovilignavong, T. Sotoukee. 2015. Revealing the hidden effects of land grabbing in Laos through better understanding of farmers’ strategies in dealing with land loss. Land Use Policy 49: 195-202.
  • Suhardiman, D., M. Giordano, F. Molle. 2015. Between interests and worldviews: The narrow path of the Mekong River Commission. Environmental Planning C: Government and Policy 33(1): 199-217.
  • Suhardiman, D., M. Giordano, L. Bouapao, O. Keovilignavong. 2015. Farmers’ strategies as building block for rethinking sustainable intensification. Agriculture and Human Values Online first: DOI 10.1007/s10460-015-9638-3
  • Campbell, L., D. Suhardiman, M. Giordano, P. McCornick. 2015. Environmental Impact Assessment: Theory, practice and its implications for the Mekong hydropower debate. International Journal of Water Governance 3(4): 93-116
  • Giordano, M., Suhardiman, J. Petersen-Perlman. 2015. Does technological advance and hydrological rigor tell us more or less about transboundary water management? International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics.
  • Sayatham, M., D. Suhardiman. 2015. Hydropower resettlement and livelihood adaptation: The Nam Mang 3 project in Laos. Water Resources and Rural Development 5: 17-30.

Please contact Diana Suhardiman for further information.



Poverty Reduction and Gender Equity

We see women’s and men’s individual and collective empowerment as a critical process for poverty reduction, whereby individuals and groups are able to critically challenge unjust and unequal power relationships that are entrenched in everyday norms, knowledge and practices and reproduced by political economic structures and hegemonic discourses. We recognize that intersectionality is central to understand and reduce gender inequities and to promote women’s empowerment and see gender as one entry point to analyse power relationships, acknowledging that gender intersects with age, caste, class, ethnicity, religion, etc.

  • Evolving gender relationships and agrarian structures under socio-demographic transitions
  • Water security and women’s empowerment
  • Data development and use
  • Poverty reduction and the water-food-energy nexus
Recent Publications
  • Yami, M.; Snyder, K. A.; 2016.After all, land belongs to the state: examining the benefits of land registration for smallholders in Ethiopia. Land Degradation and Development. 27(3):465-478
  • Mapedza, Everisto; van Koppen, Barbara; Sithole, P.; Bourblanc, M. 2015. Joint venture schemes in Limpopo Province and their outcomes on smallholder farmers livelihoods. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 8p. (Online first)
  • Lebel, L.; Lebel, P.; Sriyasak, P.; Ratanawilailak, S.; Bastakoti, Ram C.; Bastakoti, G. B. 2015. Gender relations and water management in different eco-cultural contexts in northern Thailand. International Journal of Agricultural Resources, Governance and Ecology, 11(3/4):228-246.
  • Baker, Tracy; Cullen, B.; Debevec, Liza; Abebe, Yenenesh. 2015. A socio-hydrological approach for incorporating gender into biophysical models and implications for water resources research. Applied Geography, 62:325-338.;pid=1-s2.0-S0143622815001289-main.pdf
  • Mukhamedova, N.; Wegerich, K. 2014.Land reforms and feminization of agricultural labor in Sughd province, Tajikistan. Colombo, Sri Lanka: IWMI. 37p. (IWMI Research Report 157).
  • Sugden, F., Maskey, N., Clement, F., Ramesh, V., Philip, A., & Rai, A. 2014. Agrarian stress and climate change in the Eastern Gangetic plains: Gendered vulnerability in a stratified social formation, Global Environmental Change, 29, 258-269

Please contact Floriane Clement for further information.