Ecosystem Services

Freshwater fishing in Negombo lagoon  Hamish John Appleby/IWMI
Freshwater fishing in Negombo lagoon
Hamish John Appleby/IWMI

Ecosystem Services recognizes the centrality of ecosystem services for the sustainable intensification of agriculture, a key principle underpinning the CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE).

This theme investigates how landscapes, including rivers and wetlands, can be better managed to deliver ecosystem services that are critical for livelihoods and people’s well-being.Studies relate to aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems, soil and carbon, and climate change mitigation.

Key research areas focus on:identifying, mapping and quantifying ecosystem services; valuing and paying for ecosystem services; quantifying and evaluating trade-offs between services; and integrating ecological principles into the management of agriculture and novel ecosystems.

This theme also provides the focus for IWMI’s involvement in global environmental agreements such as the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands and the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services.

Contact: Matthew McCartney (