Project Profile

Irrigation Water Quality Management of the Bundala Wetland Lagoons (National Park-Sri Lanka)

Duration : April 3, 1998 - January 1, 2004

Discussed current insights into the water quality of the Bundala Lagoons, to set priorities for further research, and develop appropriate water management strategies that could improve and sustain the environment of the Bundala National Park. Anticipate future collaborative research will lead to new knowledge and informed actions to managed the lagoons in a sustainable and productive manner. Objectives: - to assess the impact of upstream irrigation water management on the ecology of the Bundala National Park - to identify water management options that improve the ecosystem of the National Park - to value the environmental functions of water in the project area in economic terms and relate this to the value of other uses of water - to identify, through partnership, the water use options that will best serve the interests of the different users, especially those of poor rural communities - to guide policy makers in the relevant agencies in decision making and in the implementation of the conservation measures by providing technical assistance and disseminating research findings The project will collect information on ecology, hydrology, agriculture, and irrigation of the study area to characterize, evaluate, and then predict the status of Bundala lagoon ecosystems in relation to the irrigation management and other activities. Outputs 1. The ecological status of the Bundala Park; the impact of upstream uses of water on the ecology of the Bundala Park; valuation of the environmental functions o f water in the project area; present water management arrangements & technical specifications of cost-effective monitoring systems that could be useful for integrated management of lagoons and irrigation. 2. Water management options for improving and sustaining the ecology of Bundala are identified and evaluated. Possible solutions to the problem of ecological degradation are identified and evaluated in terms of cost-effectiveness, technical soundness, and acceptability by the community. 3. Capacity building of the local community, water professionals, and students by engaging them in the research activities. 4. Important research output documented in research reports, including areas on methodology development for valuation of water for ecological uses, methodology to study interaction between irrigation and environment, and others. 5. An action plan for follow-up to implement the findings of the study.

Location(s): Sri Lanka
Project Contact: Program Office
Donor(s): CORE

Farmers cultivating lettuce, while another farmer digs a small canal (marwa) with a donkey, Egypt. Photo: cc: Hamish John Appleby/IWMI