Implementation and conducting of Trainings on water efficiency technologies by cotton production in Uzbekistan
Over the past 10 years, the volume of water resources in Uzbekistan has decreased by 12 percent, and in 2020 - by 15 percent. In Central Asia around 90 percent of available water resources are used for irrigation, however, due to the inefficient water use about 5-6 billion cubic meters or 20 percent of water is lost in the fields annually through conventional irrigation methods. Consequently, the introduction and implementation of water saving technologies and water measurement are extremely important. Until 2020, water-saving technologies had been introduced for only 285,000 ha, which constitutes only 7 percent of the irrigated land of Uzbekistan. This project promotes best practices in agriculture, specifically in cotton production. By the end of the project, the following results will be achieved: improvement of water use efficiency by applying water saving and accounting technologies; wide use of innovative methods for monitoring water use; and increasing the proficiency of water specialists, agronomists, and farmers by conducting capacity building and trainings in collaboration with cotton agricultural clusters and Water Consumer Associations (WCA) in the project pilot regions. The International Water Management Institute (IWMI) collaborates with local stakeholders and carries out the project activities in compliance with their needs and demands. IWMI’s extensive experience in strengthening the capacities of farmers, WCAs and agricultural cooperatives greatly assists in this process. IWMI’s approach includes the utilization of existing knowledge, experience, and materials as well as developing new methodologies and innovative smart technologies on water measurement and water-saving techniques.