WEF Nexus in West Bengal, India
The Indian state of West Bengal has undertaken a number of groundwater and electricity sector reforms since 2007. These reforms includes -- metering of agricutural wells and tubewells (2007-2010), removing restrictions on new agricultural electricity connections through changes in groundwater law (2011) and periodic increases in electricity tariffs for agricultural consumers (2013 onwards). Some of these reforms, such as change in groundwater act to enable small and marginal farmers to obtain electricity connection for agricultural pumping were influenced by previous IWMI research. The purpose of this ACIAR funded project is to understand the impacts of these series of policy changes on agricultural outcomes in the state. The project will create a database of secondary block level data on electricity, agriculture and groundwater related variables and supplement that with some primary qualitiative data to measure the impact of changes in electricity and groundwater policies on agriculture.