CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems
Sustainable management of the natural resource base supporting agriculture is one of the three major strategic objectives of the CGIAR. The CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems combines the resources of 11 CGIAR centers and numerous external partners to provide an integrated approach to natural resource management (NRM) research, and to the delivery of its outputs.
The program focuses on the three critical issues of water scarcity, land degradation and ecosystem services, as well as the CGIAR System Level Outcome (SLO) of sustainable natural resource management. It will also make substantial contributions to the System Level Outcomes on food security, poverty alleviation and, to a minor extent, health and nutrition.
CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security
The CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) is a 10-year research initiative launched by the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) and the Earth System Science Partnership (ESSP). CCAFS seeks to overcome the threats to agriculture and food security in a changing climate, by exploring new ways of helping vulnerable rural communities adjust to global changes in climate.
CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions and Markets
Agricultural growth has also been constrained by a narrow focus on agriculture that excludes macroeconomic dimensions, environmental inputs and outcomes, and important enabling conditions, such as rural infrastructure, effective markets, and complementary services like credit and agricultural extension.
It is precisely here that the CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions, and Markets can make a critical contribution. It will establish how these challenges and failures can be overcome so that policies, institutions, and markets can be used most effectively to reduce poverty, improve food security, and increase small producers’ incomes.
CGIAR Research Program on Fish Agri-food Systems
In collaboration with national governments and partners, the CGIAR Research Program on Fish Agri-food Systems (FISH) leads research to enhance sustainability, productivity and access to fish by those most in need.
CGIAR Research Program on Livestock Agri-Food Systems
The CGIAR Research Program on Livestock (LIVESTOCK) provides research-based solutions to help smallholder farmers, pastoralists and agro-pastoralists transition to sustainable, resilient livelihoods and to productive enterprises that will help feed future generations.
It aims to increase the productivity and profitability of livestock agri-food systems in sustainable ways, making meat, milk and eggs more available and affordable across the developing world.