Exclosures for ecosystem restoration and economic benefits in Ethiopia: A catalogue of management options.

Research for Development (R4D) Learning Series – Issue 4


Mekuria, W.; Barron, J.; Dessalegn, M.; Adimassu, Z.; Amare, T.; Wondie, M. 2017. Exclosures for ecosystem restoration and economic benefits in Ethiopia: a catalogue of management options. Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI). CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE). 28p. (WLE Research for Development (R4D) Learning Series 4). [doi: 10.5337/2017.204]


In Ethiopia, exclosures are becoming increasingly common. An exclosure is a piece of degraded land that has been closed off to prevent interference from people and animals, allowing it to recover and become productive again. Establishing exclosures has been proved to strengthen incomes and livelihoods of smallholders, while revitalizing the ecosystem. However, the success of an exclosure hinges on support from the local community. Community members have incentive to participate in and protect exclosures only when they can expect to gain short-term benefits, such as access to additional livestock fodder or other assets. Addressing some of the challenges that establishing an exclosure creates, such as fuelwood shortages, can also help garner support from local communities. This catalogue presents nine management options that generate increased short-term benefits for communities, while still contributing to the exclosure’s long-term goal, namely regeneration of degraded land. These nine management options can be used in developing and implementing exclosure management plans, and they can be combined in whichever manner is most fit for the local context. This catalogue is directed at regional and district-level practitioners involved in restoration of degraded lands and establishment or management of exclosures.


ISSN 2522-7106 (Print)
ISSN 2522-7076 (Online)
ISBN 978-92-9090-850-0