IWMI in Middle East
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Displaying 262 publications

Irrigation systems management in Nepal: women’s strategies in response to migration-induced challenges (12/31/2022)
Irrigation systems management in Nepal: women’s strategies in response to migration-induced challenges
Author(s): Suhardiman, Diana; Raut, Manita; Pradhan, P.; Meinzen-Dick, R.
Published year: 2023.
Journal: Water Alternatives
Pages: 16(1):244-264

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Gender mainstreaming in water reuse: guidelines for planners, investors, project designers and operators [Thematic Brief of the ReWater MENA Project] (10/31/2023)
Gender mainstreaming in water reuse: guidelines for planners, investors, project designers and operators [Thematic Brief of the ReWater MENA Project]
Author(s): International Water Management Institute (IWMI).
Published year: 2023.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: 4

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Improve acceptance of water reuse: guidelines for planners, investors, project designers and operators [Thematic Brief of the ReWater MENA Project] (10/31/2023)
Improve acceptance of water reuse: guidelines for planners, investors, project designers and operators [Thematic Brief of the ReWater MENA Project]
Author(s): International Water Management Institute (IWMI).
Published year: 2023.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: 4

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Harmonious governance frameworks for water reuse: guidelines for planners, investors, project designers and operators [Thematic Brief of the ReWater MENA Project] (10/31/2023)
Harmonious governance frameworks for water reuse: guidelines for planners, investors, project designers and operators [Thematic Brief of the ReWater MENA Project]
Author(s): International Water Management Institute (IWMI).
Published year: 2023.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: 4

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Developing bankable water reuse projects: guidelines for planners, investors, project designers and operators [Thematic Brief of the ReWater MENA Project] (10/31/2023)
Developing bankable water reuse projects: guidelines for planners, investors, project designers and operators [Thematic Brief of the ReWater MENA Project]
Author(s): International Water Management Institute (IWMI).
Published year: 2023.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: 4

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Building resilience in fragile and conflict-affected agrifood systems through a water-energy-food nexus approach (10/31/2023)
Building resilience in fragile and conflict-affected agrifood systems through a water-energy-food nexus approach
Author(s): Al-Zu’bi, Maha; Daher, B.; Brouziyne, Youssef; Laamrani, H.; Melhem, D.; Greatrix, Emma; Ruckstuhl, Sandra; McCartney, Matthew; Anarbekov, Oyture; Sanchez Ramirez, Juan Carlos; Nicol, Alan
Published year: 2023.
Publisher(s): Cairo, Egypt: International Water Management Institute (IWMI). CGIAR Initiative on Fragility to Resilience in Central and West Asia and North Africa
Pages: 8

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MENAdrought: toward drought management in Jordan (10/31/2023)
MENAdrought: toward drought management in Jordan
Author(s): International Water Management Institute (IWMI).
Published year: 2023.
Publisher(s): Washington, DC, USA: USAID; Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: 8

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MENAdrought: toward drought management in Morocco (10/31/2023)
MENAdrought: toward drought management in Morocco
Author(s): International Water Management Institute (IWMI).
Published year: 2023.
Publisher(s): Washington, DC, USA: USAID; Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: 8

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MENAdrought: toward drought management in Lebanon (10/31/2023)
MENAdrought: toward drought management in Lebanon
Author(s): International Water Management Institute (IWMI).
Published year: 2023.
Publisher(s): Washington, DC, USA: USAID; Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: 6

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Technology for whom? Solar irrigation pumps, women, and smallholders in Nepal (10/12/2023)
Technology for whom? Solar irrigation pumps, women, and smallholders in Nepal
Author(s): Shrestha, Gitta; Uprety, Labisha; Khadka, Manohara; Mukherji, Aditi
Published year: 2023.
Journal: Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems
Pages: 7:1143546

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CGIAR Initiative on Diversification in East and Southern Africa and CGIAR Initiative on Gender Equality: Stakeholder Consultation Workshop. Proceedings of the Stakeholder Consultation Workshop, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 31 January 2023 (09/20/2023)
CGIAR Initiative on Diversification in East and Southern Africa and CGIAR Initiative on Gender Equality: Stakeholder Consultation Workshop. Proceedings of the Stakeholder Consultation Workshop, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 31 January 2023
Author(s): Anbacha, A.; Mapedza, Everisto; Joshi, Deepa; Nigussie, Likimyelesh; Puskur, R.; Nchanji, E.; Mukhopadhyay, P.; Nortje, Karen; Enokenwa Baa, Ojongetakah; Jacobs-Mata, Inga; Zewde, Y.; Ketema, D.; Roothaert, R.; Lutomia, C.; Gartaula, H. N.
Published year: 2023.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI). CGIAR Initiative on Diversification in East and Southern Africa; CGIAR Initiative on Gender Equality
Pages: 22

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Gender equality and social inclusion in a just energy transition (07/31/2023)
Gender equality and social inclusion in a just energy transition
Author(s): Buchy, Marlene; Shakya, Shristi
Published year: 2023.
Publisher(s): India: Think20 (T20). Task Force 6 - Accelerating SDGs: Exploring New Pathways to the 2030 Agenda
Pages: 17

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Towards lower greenhouse gas emissions agriculture in North Africa through climate-smart agriculture: a systematic review (07/14/2023)
Towards lower greenhouse gas emissions agriculture in North Africa through climate-smart agriculture: a systematic review
Author(s): Brouziyne, Youssef; El Bilali, A.; Epule, T. E.; Ongoma, V.; Elbeltagi, A.; Hallam, J.; Moudden, F.; Al-Zubi, Maha; Vadez, V.; McDonnell, Rachael
Published year: 2023.
Journal: Climate
Pages: 11(7):139

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Prospects for treated wastewater reuse in agriculture in low- and middle-income countries: systematic analysis and decision-making trees for diverse management approaches (04/21/2023)
Prospects for treated wastewater reuse in agriculture in low- and middle-income countries: systematic analysis and decision-making trees for diverse management approaches
Author(s): Hosney, H.; Tawfik, Mohamed Hassan; Duker, A.; van der Steen, P.
Published year: 2023.
Journal: Environmental Development
Pages: 46:100849

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Expanding water reuse in the Middle East and North Africa: policy report (04/13/2023)
Expanding water reuse in the Middle East and North Africa: policy report
Author(s): Mateo-Sagasta, Javier; Nassif, Marie Helene; Tawfik, Mohamed; Gebrezgabher, Solomie; Mapedza, Everisto; Lahham, Nisreen; Al-Hamdi, M.
Published year: 2023.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: 18

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Shifting waters: the challenges of transitioning from freshwater to treated wastewater irrigation in the northern Jordan Valley (03/31/2023)
Shifting waters: the challenges of transitioning from freshwater to treated wastewater irrigation in the northern Jordan Valley
Author(s): Tawfik, Mohamed Hassan; Al-Zawaidah, Hadeel; Hoogesteger, J.; Al-Zuapos;bi, Maha; Hellegers, Petra; Mateo-Sagasta, Javier; Elmahdi, A.
Published year: 2023.
Journal: Water
Pages: 15(7):1315. (Special issue: Water Contestations: Socio-Technical Entanglements, Politics and Social Mobilisation)

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Spatially Explicit Wastewater Generation and Tracking (SEWAGE-TRACK) in the Middle East and North Africa Region (03/18/2023)
Spatially Explicit Wastewater Generation and Tracking (SEWAGE-TRACK) in the Middle East and North Africa Region
Author(s): Velpuri, Naga Manohar; Mateo-Sagasta, Javier; Orabi, Mohamed O. M.
Published year: 2023.
Journal: Science of the Total Environment
Pages: 875:162421

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Women who do not migrate: intersectionality, social relations, and participation in western Nepal (02/28/2023)
Women who do not migrate: intersectionality, social relations, and participation in western Nepal
Author(s): Shrestha, Gitta; Pakhtigian, E. L.; Jeuland, M.
Published year: 2023.
Journal: World Development
Pages: 161:106109

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Water reuse in the Middle East and North Africa: a sourcebook (11/14/2022)
Water reuse in the Middle East and North Africa: a sourcebook
Author(s): Mateo-Sagasta, Javier; Al-Hamdi, M.; AbuZeid, K.
Published year: 2022.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: 292

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Synthesis of the rapid drought impact assessment in Tafilah, Jordan. Project report prepared by the International Water Management Institute (IWMI) for the Bureau for the Middle East of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) (10/31/2023)
Synthesis of the rapid drought impact assessment in Tafilah, Jordan. Project report prepared by the International Water Management Institute (IWMI) for the Bureau for the Middle East of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID)
Author(s): Belhaj Fraj, Makram; Al-Karablieh, E.; Al-Sarayah, I.; Al-Ghazaoui, K.; Ghanim, A.; Ruckstuhl, Sandra; McDonnell, Rachael
Published year: 2022.
Publisher(s): Washington, DC, USA: USAID; Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: 43

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Initial drought risk finance market assessment for Jordan. Project report prepared by the International Water Management Institute (IWMI) for the Bureau for the Middle East of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) (10/31/2023)
Initial drought risk finance market assessment for Jordan. Project report prepared by the International Water Management Institute (IWMI) for the Bureau for the Middle East of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID)
Author(s): Belhaj Fraj, Makram; Al-Dabbas, L.; Al-Zyoud, O.; Abu Keshek, A.; Fragaszy, Stephen; Ruckstuhl, Sandra; McDonnell, Rachael
Published year: 2022.
Publisher(s): Washington, DC, USA: USAID; Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: 51

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Synthesis of MENAdrought development of drought mitigation, preparedness and response management plans: final report. Project report prepared by the International Water Management Institute (IWMI) for the Bureau for the Middle East of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) (10/31/2023)
Synthesis of MENAdrought development of drought mitigation, preparedness and response management plans: final report. Project report prepared by the International Water Management Institute (IWMI) for the Bureau for the Middle East of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID)
Author(s): Jobbins, G.; Belhaj Fraj, Makram; Fragaszy, Stephen; Ghanim, A.; Al-Karablieh, E.; Fakih, M.; Yessef, M.; Khatabi, A.; Hayes, M.; Knutson, C.; Jedd, T.; Svoboda, M.; Ruckstuhl, Sandra; McDonnell, Rachael
Published year: 2022.
Publisher(s): Washington, DC, USA: USAID; Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: 95

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MENAdrought synthesis of drought monitoring, early warning, and seasonal forecasting tools and capability development: final report. Project report prepared by the International Water Management Institute (IWMI) for the Bureau for the Middle East of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) (10/31/2023)
MENAdrought synthesis of drought monitoring, early warning, and seasonal forecasting tools and capability development: final report. Project report prepared by the International Water Management Institute (IWMI) for the Bureau for the Middle East of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID)
Author(s): Bergaoui, Karim; Belhaj Fraj, Makram; Fragaszy, Stephen; Ghanim, A.; Hamadin, O.; Al-Karablieh, E.; Fakih, M.; Salama, S.; Fayad, A.; Yessef, M.; Belghrissi, H.; Hassels, T.; Ali, Marwa; Badr, H.; Hazra, A.; Nie, W.; Arsenault, K.; Hayes, M.; Svoboda, M.; McDonnell, Rachael
Published year: 2022.
Publisher(s): Washington, DC, USA: USAID; Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: 74

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Drought, fragility and human migration analysis: synthesis report of case studies in Lebanon and Jordan. Project report prepared by the International Water Management Institute (IWMI) for the Bureau for the Middle East of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) (10/31/2023)
Drought, fragility and human migration analysis: synthesis report of case studies in Lebanon and Jordan. Project report prepared by the International Water Management Institute (IWMI) for the Bureau for the Middle East of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID)
Author(s): Farajalla, N.; Abi Ammar, R.; Nassar, L.; Abou Dagher, M.; Kharma, E.; Machmouchi, F.; Hachem Majdalani, C.; Yazbek, C.; Zaarour, N.; Maadat, A.; Belhaj Fraj, Makram; Fragaszy, Stephen; Ruckstuhl, Sandra
Published year: 2022.
Publisher(s): Washington, DC, USA: USAID; Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: 43

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MENAdrought project achievements and prospects in Morocco: final report. Project report prepared by the International Water Management Institute (IWMI) for the Bureau for the Middle East of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) (10/31/2023)
MENAdrought project achievements and prospects in Morocco: final report. Project report prepared by the International Water Management Institute (IWMI) for the Bureau for the Middle East of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID)
Author(s): International Water Management Institute (IWMI); Department of Strategy and Statistics (DSS) of the Ministry of Agriculture, Maritime Fisheries, Rural Development, Water and Forests of the Kingdom of Morocco
Published year: 2022.
Publisher(s): Washington, DC, USA: USAID; Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: 18

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A new index on agricultural land greenhouse gas emissions in Africa (09/15/2022)
A new index on agricultural land greenhouse gas emissions in Africa
Author(s): Epule, T. E.; Chehbouni, A.; Ongoma, V.; Brouziyne, Youssef; Etongo, D.; Molua, E. L.
Published year: 2022.
Journal: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Pages: 194(9):598

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Women’s empowerment and the will to change: evidence from Nepal (06/30/2022)
Women’s empowerment and the will to change: evidence from Nepal
Author(s): Buisson, Marie-Charlotte; Clement, F.; Leder, S.
Published year: 2022.
Journal: Journal of Rural Studies
Pages: 94:128-139

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Water - energy - food nexus narratives and resource securities: a global south perspective (05/31/2022)
Water - energy - food nexus narratives and resource securities: a global south perspective
Author(s): Mabhaudhi, Tafadzwanashe; Senzanje, A.; Modi, A.; Jewitt, G.; Massawe, F.
Published year: 2022.
Publisher(s): Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier
Pages: 332

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Regional developments: Middle East and North Africa (05/30/2022)
Regional developments: Middle East and North Africa
Author(s): Breisinger, C.; Elmahdi, Amgad; Kassim, Y.; Perez, N.
Published year: 2022.
Pages: pp.120-123
Series: Global Food Policy Report

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Are fresh water and reclaimed water safe for vegetable irrigation? Empirical evidence from Lebanon (05/11/2022)
Are fresh water and reclaimed water safe for vegetable irrigation? Empirical evidence from Lebanon
Author(s): Abi Saab, M. T.; Jomaa, I.; El Hage, R.; Skaf, S.; Fahed, S.; Rizk, Z.; Massaad, R.; Romanos, D.; Khairallah, Y.; Azzi, V.; Sleiman, R.; Abi Saad, R.; Hajjar, C.; Sellami, M. H.; Aziz, R.; Sfeir, R.; Nassif, Marie Helene; Mateo-Sagasta, Javier
Published year: 2022.
Journal: Water
Pages: 14(9):1437. (Special issue: Section Wastewater Treatment and Reuse: Feature Papers)

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Water profitability analysis to improve food security and climate resilience: a case study in the Egyptian Nile Delta (04/30/2022)
Water profitability analysis to improve food security and climate resilience: a case study in the Egyptian Nile Delta
Author(s): Badawy, Adham; Elmahdi, Amgad; El-Hafez, S. A.; Ibrahim, A.
Published year: 2022.
Journal: Climate
Pages: 10(2):17. (Special issue: Climate Change and Food Insecurity)

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MENAdrought synthesis of drought vulnerability in Lebanon: final report. Project report prepared by the International Water Management Institute (IWMI) for the Bureau for the Middle East of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) (03/31/2022)
MENAdrought synthesis of drought vulnerability in Lebanon: final report. Project report prepared by the International Water Management Institute (IWMI) for the Bureau for the Middle East of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID)
Author(s): Fragaszy, S.; Belhaj Fraj, M.; McKee, M.; Jobbins, G.; Fayad, A.; Fakih, M.; Lawrenson, L.; McDonnell, Rachael
Published year: 2022.
Publisher(s): Washington, DC, USA: USAID; Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: 67

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MENAdrought synthesis of drought vulnerability in Jordan: final report. Project report prepared by the International Water Management Institute (IWMI) for the Bureau for the Middle East of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) (03/29/2022)
MENAdrought synthesis of drought vulnerability in Jordan: final report. Project report prepared by the International Water Management Institute (IWMI) for the Bureau for the Middle East of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID)
Author(s): Fragaszy, S.; Belhaj Fraj, M.; McKee, M.; Jobbins, G.; Al-Karablieh, E.; Bergaoui, K.; Ghanim, A.; Lawrenson, L.; McDonnell, Rachael
Published year: 2022.
Publisher(s): Washington, DC, USA: USAID; Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: 93

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IWMI Annual report 2021 (03/09/2023)
IWMI Annual report 2021
Author(s): International Water Management Institute (IWMI).
Published year: 2022.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: 58

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A selection of outstanding water reuse cases in MENA - Section 3: introduction (02/28/2023)
A selection of outstanding water reuse cases in MENA - Section 3: introduction
Author(s): Mateo-Sagasta, Javier
Published year: 2022.
Pages: pp.172-175

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Toward a more harmonious planning and governance of agricultural water reuse: guidelines, practices and obstacles (02/28/2023)
Toward a more harmonious planning and governance of agricultural water reuse: guidelines, practices and obstacles
Author(s): Nassif, Marie-Helene; Tawfik, Mohamed
Published year: 2022.
Pages: pp.156-171

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Guidelines to improve acceptance of water reuse (02/28/2023)
Guidelines to improve acceptance of water reuse
Author(s): Mateo-Sagasta, Javier; Drechsel, Pay
Published year: 2022.
Pages: pp.142-155

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A guideline for developing bankable water reuse models (02/28/2023)
A guideline for developing bankable water reuse models
Author(s): Gebrezgabher, Solomie; Darwish, M. R.
Published year: 2022.
Pages: pp.109-121

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Thematic guidelines - Section 2: introduction (02/28/2023)
Thematic guidelines - Section 2: introduction
Author(s): Mateo-Sagasta, Javier
Published year: 2022.
Pages: pp.106-108

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Water quality standards and regulations for agricultural water reuse in MENA: from international guidelines to country practices (02/28/2023)
Water quality standards and regulations for agricultural water reuse in MENA: from international guidelines to country practices
Author(s): Nassif, Marie-Helene; Tawfik, Mohamed; Abi Saab, M. T.
Published year: 2022.
Pages: pp.79-105

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Cost of water reuse projects in MENA and cost recovery mechanisms (02/28/2023)
Cost of water reuse projects in MENA and cost recovery mechanisms
Author(s): Gebrezgabher, Solomie; Kodua, T.; Mateo-Sagasta, Javier
Published year: 2022.
Pages: pp.63-78

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Water reuse policy and institutional development in MENA: case studies from Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia and Tunisia (02/28/2023)
Water reuse policy and institutional development in MENA: case studies from Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia and Tunisia
Author(s): Tawfik, Mohamed; Nassif, Marie-Helene; Mahjoub, O.; Mahmoud, A. E. D.; Kassab, G.; Alomair, M.; Hoogesteger, J.
Published year: 2022.
Pages: pp.43-62

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Wastewater production, treatment and reuse in MENA: untapped opportunities? (02/28/2023)
Wastewater production, treatment and reuse in MENA: untapped opportunities?
Author(s): Mateo-Sagasta, Javier; Velpuri, Naga Manohar; Orabi, Mohamed O. M.
Published year: 2022.
Pages: pp.15-42

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Context and drivers of water reuse in MENA (02/28/2023)
Context and drivers of water reuse in MENA
Author(s): Lahham, N.; Mateo-Sagasta, Javier; Orabi, Mohamed O. M.; Brouziyne, Youssef
Published year: 2022.
Pages: pp.3-14

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Evolution, state and prospects for water reuse in MENA - Section 1: introduction (02/28/2023)
Evolution, state and prospects for water reuse in MENA - Section 1: introduction
Author(s): Mateo-Sagasta, Javier
Published year: 2022.
Pages: pp.1-2

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The future of food: domestication and commercialization of indigenous food crops in Africa over the third decade (2012–2021) (02/28/2022)
The future of food: domestication and commercialization of indigenous food crops in Africa over the third decade (2012–2021)
Author(s): Leakey, R. R. B.; Tientcheu Avana, M.-L.; Awazi, N. P.; Assogbadjo, A. E.; Mabhaudhi, Tafadzwanashe; Hendre, P. S.; Degrande, A.; Hlahla, S.; Manda, L.
Published year: 2022.
Journal: Sustainability
Pages: 14(4):2355. (Special issue: Interdisciplinary Approaches to Mainstreaming Underutilized Crops)

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COVID-19, gender, and small-scale farming in Nepal (02/25/2022)
COVID-19, gender, and small-scale farming in Nepal
Author(s): Leder, S.; Shrestha, Gitta; Upadhyaya, R.; Adhikari, Y.
Published year: 2022.
Pages: pp.3-12
Series: Routledge Focus on Environment and Sustainability

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Strengthening climate security in the Middle East and North Africa Region (01/31/2023)
Strengthening climate security in the Middle East and North Africa Region
Author(s): Laderach, P.; Merrey, D. J.; Schapendonk, F.; Dhehibi, B.; Ruckstuhl, Sandra; Mapedza, Everisto; Najjar, D.; Dessalegn, B.; Amarnath, Giriraj; Nangia, V.; Al-Zuapos;bi, Maha; Biradar, C.; Pacillo, G.; Govind, A.; Hakhu, A.; Yigezu, Y. A.; Gupta, T. D.; Madurga-Lopez, I.; Lahham, Nisreen; Cosgrove, B.; Joshi, Deepa; Grosjean, G.; Hugh, B.; Elmahdi, Amgad; Frija, A.; Udalagama, Upandha; Nicol, Alan
Published year: 2022.
Publisher(s): CGIAR FOCUS Climate Security
Pages: 80
Series: Position Paper No. 2022/3

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Unpacking wastewater reuse arrangements through a new framework: insights from the analysis of Egypt
Author(s): Tawfik, Mohamed Hassan; Hoogesteger, J.; Elmahdi, Amgad; Hellegers, P.
Published year: 2021.
Journal: Water International
Pages: 46(4):605-625

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Solar for all: a framework to deliver inclusive and environmentally sustainable solar irrigation for smallholder agriculture
Author(s): Lefore, N.; Closas, Alvar; Schmitter, Petra
Published year: 2021.
Journal: Energy Policy
Pages: 154:112313

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Special issue on selected papers from 2019 World Water Week (2/26/2021)
Special issue on selected papers from 2019 World Water Week
Author(s): Harris, G. D.; Barron, J.; Uhlenbrook, Stefan; Hussein, H.; Choi, G.
Published year: 2021.
Journal: Water
Pages: (Special issue with contributions by IWMI authors)

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A gender–natural resources tango: water, land, and forest research
Author(s): Joshi, Deepa; Monterroso, I.; Gallant, B.; Perera, Kokila; Peveri, V.
Published year: 2021.
Pages: pp.221-258

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Spiraling up and down: mapping women’s empowerment through agricultural interventions using the community capitals framework in rural Ethiopia
Author(s): Mulema, A. A.; Boonabaana, B.; Debevec, L.; Nigussie, Likimyelesh; Alemu, M.; Kaaria, S.
Published year: 2021.
Journal: Community Development
Pages: 52(1):113-130

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A review on occurrence of emerging pollutants in waters of the MENA region
Author(s): Haddaoui, I.; Mateo-Sagasta, Javier
Published year: 2021.
Journal: Environmental Science and Pollution Research
Pages: 28(48):68090-68110

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Gender dimensions of solid and liquid waste management for reuse in agriculture in Asia and Africa (10/21/2021)
Gender dimensions of solid and liquid waste management for reuse in agriculture in Asia and Africa
Author(s): Taron, Avinandan; Drechsel, Pay; Gebrezgabher, Solomie
Published year: 2021.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI). CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE)
Pages: 33
Series: Resource Recovery and Reuse Series 21

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Drought management norms: is the Middle East and North Africa Region managing risks or crises?
Author(s): Jedd, T.; Fragaszy, S. R.; Knutson, C.; Hayes, M. J.; Belhaj Fraj, M.; Wall, N.; Svoboda, M.; McDonnell, Rachael
Published year: 2021.
Journal: Journal of Environment and Development
Pages: 30(1):3-40

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IWMI Annual report 2020 (10/04/2021)
IWMI Annual report 2020
Author(s): International Water Management Institute (IWMI).
Published year: 2021.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: 62

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Underground Transfer of Floods for Irrigation (UTFI): exploring potential at the global scale (9/23/2020)
Underground Transfer of Floods for Irrigation (UTFI): exploring potential at the global scale
Author(s): Alam, Mohammad Faiz; Pavelic, Paul
Published year: 2020.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: 58
Series: IWMI Research Report 176

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Does increased access to groundwater irrigation through electricity reforms affect agricultural and groundwater outcomes?: evidence from West Bengal, India (7/31/2020)
Does increased access to groundwater irrigation through electricity reforms affect agricultural and groundwater outcomes?: evidence from West Bengal, India
Author(s): Mukherji, Aditi; Buisson, Marie-Charlotte; Mitra, Archisman; Banerjee, P. S.; Chowdhury, S. D.
Published year: 2020.
Pages: 64

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Drought monitoring in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region: participatory engagement to inform early warning systems
Author(s): Fragaszy, S. R.; Jedd, T.; Wall, N.; Knutson, C.; Belhaj Fraj, M.; Bergaoui, K.; Svoboda, M.; Hayes, M.; McDonnell, Rachael
Published year: 2020.
Journal: Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society (BAMS)
Pages: 101(7):E1148-E1173

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Managed aquifer recharge in Africa: taking stock and looking forward
Author(s): Ebrahim, Girma Y.; Lautze, Jonathan F.; Villholth, Karen G.
Published year: 2020.
Journal: Water
Pages: 12(7):1844. (Special issue: Managed Aquifer Recharge for Water Resilience)

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Drought Policy and Management
Author(s): McDonnell, Rachael; Fragaszy, S.; Sternberg, T.; Veeravalli, S.
Published year: 2020.
Pages: pp.233-253

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Conclusions: implementation of the farming systems approach for African food security
Author(s): Garrity, D.; Dixon, J.; Mburathi, G.; Williams, Timothy Olalekan; Amede, T.
Published year: 2020.
Pages: pp.589-598
Series: Earthscan Food and Agriculture Series

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Ways forward: strategies for effective science, investments and policies for African farming and food systems
Author(s): Dixon, J.; Garrity, D.; Mburathi, G.; Boffa, J.-M.; Amede, T.; Williams, Timothy Olalekan
Published year: 2020.
Pages: pp.562-588
Series: Earthscan Food and Agriculture Series

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Farming and food systems potentials
Author(s): Dixon, J.; Boffa, J.-M.; Williams, Timothy Olalekan; de Leeuw, J.; Fischer, G.; van Velthuizen, H.
Published year: 2020.
Pages: pp.535-561
Series: Earthscan Food and Agriculture Series

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Farming systems and food security in Africa: priorities for science and policy under global change (5/30/2020)
Farming systems and food security in Africa: priorities for science and policy under global change
Author(s): Dixon, J.; Garrity, D. P.; Boffa, J.-M.; Williams, Timothy Olalekan; Amede, T.; Auricht, C.; Lott, R.; Mburathi, G.
Published year: 2020.
Publisher(s): Oxon, UK: Routledge - Earthscan
Pages: 638
Series: Earthscan Food and Agriculture Series

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Urban and peri-urban farming systems: feeding cities and enhancing resilience
Author(s): Lee-Smith, D.; Prain, G.; Cofie, Olufunke; van Veenhuizen, R.; Karanja, N.
Published year: 2020.
Pages: pp.504-531
Series: Earthscan Food and Agriculture Series

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Faecal sludge management in Africa: socioeconomic aspects and human and environmental health implications (4/28/2021)
Faecal sludge management in Africa: socioeconomic aspects and human and environmental health implications
Author(s): United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP); International Water Management Institute (IWMI).
Published year: 2020.
Publisher(s): Nairobi, Kenya: United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP); Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: 64

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Mitigating floods for managing droughts through aquifer storage: an examination of two complementary approaches (3/21/2020)
Mitigating floods for managing droughts through aquifer storage: an examination of two complementary approaches
Author(s): Pavelic, Paul
Published year: 2020.
Publisher(s): Washington, DC, USA: World Bank
Pages: 16
Series: Water Knowledge Note

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Demand-led extension: a gender analysis of attendance and key crops
Author(s): Williams, F. E.; Taron, Avinandan
Published year: 2020.
Journal: Journal of Agricultural Education and Extension
Pages: 26(4):383-400

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Circular economy (2/17/2021)
Circular economy
Author(s): Cofie, Olufunke; Nikiema, Josiane
Published year: 2020.
Pages: pp.127-145

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Guidelines for community-led multiple use water services: evidence from rural South Africa (12/7/2020)
Guidelines for community-led multiple use water services: evidence from rural South Africa
Author(s): van Koppen, Barbara; Molose, V.; Phasha, K.; Bophela, T.; Modiba, I.; White, M.; Magombeyi, Manuel S.; Jacobs-Mata, Inga
Published year: 2020.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: 36
Series: IWMI Working Paper 194

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Process and benefits of community-led multiple use water services: comparing two communities in South Africa (12/7/2020)
Process and benefits of community-led multiple use water services: comparing two communities in South Africa
Author(s): van Koppen, Barbara; Magombeyi, Manuel S.; Jacobs-Mata, Inga; Molose, V.; Phasha, K.; Bophela, T.; Modiba, I.; White, M.
Published year: 2020.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: 43
Series: IWMI Working Paper 193

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Compendium on solar powered irrigation systems in India (10/31/2020)
Compendium on solar powered irrigation systems in India
Author(s): Shirsath, P. B.; Saini, S.; Durga, Neha; Senoner, D.; Ghose, N.; Verma, Shilp; Sikka, Alok
Published year: 2020.
Publisher(s): Wageningen, Netherlands: CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS)
Pages: 68

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Groundwater governance: addressing core concepts and challenges
Author(s): Closas, Alvar; Villholth, Karen G.
Published year: 2020.
Journal: WIREs Water
Pages: 7(1):1-16

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Global and regional potential of wastewater as a water, nutrient and energy source
Author(s): Qadir, M.; Drechsel, Pay; Cisneros, B. J.; Kim, Y.; Pramanik, A.; Mehta, P.; Olaniyan, O.
Published year: 2020.
Journal: Natural Resources Forum
Pages: 44(1):40-51

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Sustainable floodplains: linking e-flows to floodplain management, ecosystems, and livelihoods in the Sahel of North Africa
Author(s): O’Brien, G. C.; Dickens, Chris; Baker, C.; Stassen, R.; van Weert, F.
Published year: 2020.
Journal: Sustainability
Pages: 12(24):10578. (Special issue: Durable Protections for Free-Flowing Rivers)

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From women's empowerment to food security: revisiting global discourses through a cross-country analysis
Author(s): Clement, Floriane; Buisson, Marie-Charlotte; Leder, Stephanie; Balasubramanya, Soumya; Saikia, Panchali; Bastakoti, Ram; Karki, Emma; van Koppen, Barbara
Published year: 2019.
Journal: Global Food Security
Pages: 23:160-172

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Financial analysis of halophyte cultivation in a desert environment using different saline water resources for irrigation
Author(s): Robertson, S. M.; Lyra, D. A.; Mateo-Sagasta, Javier
Published year: 2019.
Pages: pp.347-364

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Towards a new generation of policies and investments in agricultural water in the Arab region: fertile ground for innovation. Background paper prepared for the high level meeting on agricultural water policies and investments (4/23/2020)
Towards a new generation of policies and investments in agricultural water in the Arab region: fertile ground for innovation. Background paper prepared for the high level meeting on agricultural water policies and investments
Author(s): Borgomeo, Edoardo; Santos, N.
Published year: 2019.
Publisher(s): Rome, Italy: FAO; Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: 124

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Youth participation in small-scale fisheries, aquaculture and value chains in Africa and the Asia-Pacific (4/15/2020)
Youth participation in small-scale fisheries, aquaculture and value chains in Africa and the Asia-Pacific
Author(s): Arulingam, Indika; Nigussie, Likimyelesh; Senaratna Sellamuttu, Sonali; Debevec, Liza
Published year: 2019.
Publisher(s): Penang, Malaysia: CGIAR Research Program on Fish Agri-Food Systems
Pages: 66
Series: CGIAR Research Program on Fish Agri-Food Systems Program Report: FISH-2019-14

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Sustainable and equitable growth in farmer-led irrigation in Sub-Saharan Africa: what will it take?
Author(s): Lefore, N.; Giordano, Meredith; Ringler, C.; Barron, J.
Published year: 2019.
Journal: Water Alternatives
Pages: 12(1): 156-168

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Unravelling gendered practices in the public water sector in Nepal
Author(s): Shrestha, Gitta; Clement, Floriane
Published year: 2019.
Journal: Water Policy
Pages: 21(5):1017-1033

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Feminist political ecologies of the commons and commoning (10/31/2019)
Feminist political ecologies of the commons and commoning
Author(s): Clement, Floriane; Harcourt, W. J.; Joshi, Deepa; Sato, C.
Published year: 2019.
Journal: International Journal of the Commons; International Journal of the Commons
Pages: 13(1):1-174. (Special issue with contributions by IWMI authors)

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Gender, poverty and politics along the real-virtual water spectrum
Author(s): Clement , F.; Nicol, Alan
Published year: 2019.
Pages: pp.251-267

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Effects of training duration and the role of gender on farm participation in water user associations in southern Tajikistan: implications for irrigation management
Author(s): Balasubramanya, Soumya
Published year: 2019.
Journal: Agricultural Water Management
Pages: 216:1-11

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IWMI Strategy 2019-2023: innovative water solutions for sustainable development. Summary. In Arabic (1/29/2020)
IWMI Strategy 2019-2023: innovative water solutions for sustainable development. Summary. In Arabic
Author(s): International Water Management Institute (IWMI).
Published year: 2019.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: 8p. (Also in English)

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IWMI Strategy 2019-2023: innovative water solutions for sustainable development. Summary (1/28/2020)
IWMI Strategy 2019-2023: innovative water solutions for sustainable development. Summary
Author(s): International Water Management Institute (IWMI).
Published year: 2019.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: 8p. (Also in Arabic)

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Predictors of drought in inland valley landscapes and enabling factors for rice farmers’ mitigation measures in the Sudan-Sahel Zone
Author(s): Dossou-Yovo, E. R.; Zwart, Sander J.; Kouyate, A.; Ouedraogo, I.; Bakare, O.
Published year: 2019.
Journal: Sustainability
Pages: 11(1): 1-17

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What happens after technology adoption?: gendered aspects of small-scale irrigation technologies in Ethiopia, Ghana, and Tanzania
Author(s): Theis, S.; Lefore, Nicole; Meinzen-Dick, R.; Bryan, E.
Published year: 2018.
Journal: Agriculture and Human Values
Pages: 35(3):671-684

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Wastewater for fruit and wood production (Egypt) - Case Study
Author(s): Drechsel, Pay; Hanjra, Munir A.
Published year: 2018.
Pages: pp.556-568

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Wastewater for agriculture, forestry and aquaculture - Section iv
Author(s): Drechsel, Pay; Hanjra, Munir A.
Published year: 2018.
Pages: pp.548-774

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Resource recovery from waste: business models for energy, nutrient and water reuse in low- and middle-income countries (4/12/2018)
Resource recovery from waste: business models for energy, nutrient and water reuse in low- and middle-income countries
Author(s): Otoo, Miriam; Drechsel, Pay
Published year: 2018.
Publisher(s): Oxon, UK: Routledge - Earthscan
Pages: 816

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What gets measured gets done!: towards an afro-barometer for tracking progress in achieving sustainable development goal 5
Author(s): Nhamo, G.; Nhamo, S.; Nhemachena, Charles
Published year: 2018.
Journal: Agenda-Empowering Women for Gender Equity
Pages: 32(1): 60-75

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Reflections on the Green Growth Index for developing countries: a focus of selected African countries
Author(s): Kararach, G.; Nhamo, G.; Mubila, M.; Nhamo, S.; Nhemachena, Charles; Babu, S.
Published year: 2018.
Journal: Development Policy Review
Pages: 36(S1):O432-O454

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The use of earth observation for wetland inventory, assessment and monitoring: an information source for the Ramsar Convention on wetlands (3/25/2019)
The use of earth observation for wetland inventory, assessment and monitoring: an information source for the Ramsar Convention on wetlands
Author(s): Rebelo, Lisa-Maria; Finlayson, C. M.; Strauch, A.; Rosenqvist, A.; Perennou, C.; Totrup, C.; Hilarides, L.; Paganini, M.; Wielaard, N.; Siegert, F.; Ballhorn, U.; Navratil, P.; Franke, J.; Davidson, N.
Published year: 2018.
Publisher(s): Gland, Switzerland: Ramsar Convention Secretariat
Pages: 31

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Business model scenarios and suitability: smallholder solar pump-based irrigation in Ethiopia. Agricultural Water Management – Making a Business Case for Smallholders (3/21/2018)
Business model scenarios and suitability: smallholder solar pump-based irrigation in Ethiopia. Agricultural Water Management – Making a Business Case for Smallholders
Author(s): Otoo, Miriam; Lefore, Nicole; Schmitter, Petra; Barron, Jennie; Gebregziabher, Gebrehaweria
Published year: 2018.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: 67
Series: IWMI Research Report 172

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The Nile Delta’s water and salt balances and implications for management
Author(s): Molle, Francois; Gaafar, I.; El-Agha, D. E.; Rap, Edwin
Published year: 2018.
Journal: Agricultural Water Management
Pages: 197:110-121

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Governing groundwater in the Middle East and North Africa Region
Author(s): Molle, Francois; Closas, Alvar; Al-Zubari, W.
Published year: 2018.
Pages: pp.527-553

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Advances in groundwater governance (2/27/2018)
Advances in groundwater governance
Author(s): Villholth Karen G.; Lopez-Gunn, E.; Conti, K.; Garrido, A.; Van Der Gun, J.
Published year: 2018.
Publisher(s): Leiden, Netherlands: CRC Press
Pages: 594

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Consumption
Author(s): Drechsel, Pay
Published year: 2018.
Pages: pp.60-65

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Groundwater vulnerability to climate change: a review of the assessment methodology
Author(s): Aslam, R. A.; Shrestha, S.; Pandey, Vishnu Prasad
Published year: 2018.
Journal: Science of the Total Environment
Pages: 612:853-875

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Beyond digging and filling holes: maximizing the net positive impact of MGNREGA [Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act]
Author(s): Verma, Shilp; Shah, Tushaar
Published year: 2018.
Pages: pp.103-130
Series: India Studies in Business and Economics

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Women, peace and security: the case of Nepal
Author(s): Shrestha, Gitta; Upreti, B. R.; Kolas, A.
Published year: 2017.
Pages: pp.99-122

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The road to parliament: women in Nepal’s representative assemblies
Author(s): Upreti, B. R.; Shrestha, Gitta
Published year: 2017.
Pages: pp.9-32

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Gender issues in water and sanitation programmes: lessons from India
Author(s): Leder, Stephanie
Published year: 2017.
Journal: SAWAS (South Asian Water Studies)
Pages: 5(4):59-62

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Nile river basin
Author(s): McCartney, Mathew; Rebelo, Lisa-Maria
Published year: 2017.
Pages: pp.1243-1250

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Below the radar: the boom of groundwater use in the central part of the Nile Delta in Egypt
Author(s): El-Agha, Doaa E.; Closas, Alvar; Molle, Francois
Published year: 2017.
Journal: Hydrogeology Journal
Pages: 25(6):1621-1631

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Regional variation in suicide rates in Sri Lanka between 1955 and 2011: a spatial and temporal analysis
Author(s): Knipe, D. W.; Padmanathan, P.; Muthuwatta, Lal
Published year: 2017.
Journal: Bmc Public Health
Pages: 17:1-14

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Water-energy-food nexus: principles and practices (5/15/2018)
Water-energy-food nexus: principles and practices
Author(s): Salam, P. A.; Shrestha, S.; Pandey, Vishnu Prasad; Anal, A. K.
Published year: 2017.
Publisher(s): NJ, USA: Wiley; Washington, USA: American Geophysical Union (AGU)
Pages: 252

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Gender in irrigation learning and improvement tool (3/27/2017)
Gender in irrigation learning and improvement tool
Author(s): Lefore, Nicole; Weight, Elizabet; Rubin, D.
Published year: 2017.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI). CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE)
Pages: 40

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A Commercial Case for the Briquette Business in Ghana
Author(s): Gebrezgabher, Solomie; Amewu, S.
Published year: 2017.
Journal: Urban Agriculture Magazine
Pages: 32:39-41

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Structure, agency, and challenges for inclusive water governance at basin scale: comparing Mekong with the Nile
Author(s): Mapedza, Everisto; Suhardiman, Diana; Nicol, Alan
Published year: 2017.
Pages: pp.165-175
Series: Earthscan Water Text

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Collective action and political dynamics: Nile cooperation and Ethiopia’s Grand Renaissance Dam
Author(s): Nicol, Alan
Published year: 2017.
Pages: pp.21-33
Series: Earthscan Water Text

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When water security programmes seek to empower women – a case study from western Nepal
Author(s): Clement, Floriane; Karki, Emma
Published year: 2017.
Pages: pp.151-169

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Irrigation efficiency and the Nile Delta water balance (8/31/2017)
Irrigation efficiency and the Nile Delta water balance
Author(s): Molle, Francois; Gaafar, I.; El-Agha, D. E.; Rap, Edwin
Published year: 2016.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: 53

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Institutions for irrigation water management in Ethiopia: assessing diversity and service delivery (8/26/2016)
Institutions for irrigation water management in Ethiopia: assessing diversity and service delivery
Author(s): Haileslassie, Amare; Hagos, Fitsum; Agide, Z.; Tesema, E.; Hoekstra, D.; Langan, Simon
Published year: 2016.
Publisher(s): Nairobi, Kenya: Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)
Pages: 31
Series: Livestock and Irrigation Value Chains for Ethiopian Smallholders (LIVES) Working Paper 17

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IWMI Annual report 2015 (8/11/2016)
IWMI Annual report 2015
Author(s): International Water Management Institute (IWMI).
Published year: 2016.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: 28

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Global gender and environment outlook (7/30/2016)
Global gender and environment outlook
Author(s): Seager, J.; Bechtel, J.; Bock, S.; Dankelman, I.; Fordham, M.; Gabizon, S.; Thuy Trang, N.; Perch, L.; Qayum, S.; Roehr, U.; Schoolmeester, T.; Steinbach, R.; Watts, M.; Wendland, C.; Aguilar, L.; Alvarez, I.; Araujo, K.; Basnett, B. S.; Bauer, J.; Bowser, G.; Caterbow, A.; Corendea, C.; Donners, A.; Dutta, S.; Halle, S.; halainen, M.; Ismawati, Y.; Joshi, D.; Kiwala, L.; Kolbeinsdottir, L.; van Koppen, Barbara
Published year: 2016.
Publisher(s): Nairobi, Kenya: United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
Pages: 233

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After all, land belongs to the state: examining the benefits of land registration for smallholders in Ethiopia
Author(s): Yami, Mastewal; Snyder, K. A.
Published year: 2016.
Journal: Land Degradation and Development
Pages: 27(3):465-478

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Impact of water users associations on water and land productivity, equity and food security in Tajikistan. Mid-term Technical Report (12/6/2016)
Impact of water users associations on water and land productivity, equity and food security in Tajikistan. Mid-term Technical Report
Author(s): Buisson, Marie-Charlotte; MacDonald, K.; Saikia, Panchali; Balasubramanya, Soumya; Aslamy, Sohrob; Horbulyk, Theodore
Published year: 2016.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: 102

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Impact of water-user associations on water and land productivity, equity, and food security in Tajikistan. Baseline Technical Report (12/6/2016)
Impact of water-user associations on water and land productivity, equity, and food security in Tajikistan. Baseline Technical Report
Author(s): Balasubramanya, Soumya; Buisson, Marie-Charlotte; Saikia, Panchali; MacDonald, K.; Aslamy, Sohrob; Horbulyk, Theodore; Hannah, C.; Yakubov, Murat; Platonov, Alexander
Published year: 2016.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: 131

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Reconciling food and water security objectives of MENA [Middle East and North Africa] and sub-Saharan Africa: is there a role for large-scale agricultural investments?
Author(s): Williams, Timothy Olalekan
Published year: 2016.
Journal: Food Security
Pages: 7(6):1199-1209

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Watershed moments: a photographic anthology celebrating 30 years of research for a water-secure world (1985–2015 and beyond) (11/8/2016)
Watershed moments: a photographic anthology celebrating 30 years of research for a water-secure world (1985–2015 and beyond)
Author(s): International Water Management Institute (IWMI).
Published year: 2016.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: 96

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Groundwater governance in the Middle East and North Africa. [Project report of the Groundwater Governance in the Arab World - Taking Stock and Addressing the Challenges] (11/29/2017)
Groundwater governance in the Middle East and North Africa. [Project report of the Groundwater Governance in the Arab World - Taking Stock and Addressing the Challenges]
Author(s): Closas, Alvar; Molle, Francois
Published year: 2016.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: 192
Series: Groundwater Governance in the Arab World - Report 1

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Potential business opportunities from saline water and salt-affected land resources (5/7/2015)
Potential business opportunities from saline water and salt-affected land resources
Author(s): Qadir, M.; Noble, Andrew D.; Karajeh, F.; George, B.
Published year: 2015.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI). CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE)
Pages: 29
Series: Resource Recovery and Reuse Series 05

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Research in development: learning from the CGIAR Research Program on Aquatic Agricultural Systems (4/9/2016)
Research in development: learning from the CGIAR Research Program on Aquatic Agricultural Systems
Author(s): Douthwaite, B.; Apgar, J. M.; Schwarz, A.; McDougall, C.; Attwood, S.; Senaratna Sellamuttu, Sonali; Clayton, T.
Published year: 2015.
Publisher(s): Penang, Malaysia: CGIAR Research Program on Aquatic Agricultural Systems
Pages: 96
Series: CGIAR Research Program on Aquatic Agricultural Systems Working Paper: AAS-2015-16

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Gender dynamics in water governance institutions: the case of Gwanda's Guyu-Chelesa Irrigation Scheme in Zimbabwe
Author(s): Tagutanazvo, E.; Dzingirai, V.; Mapedza, Everisto; van Koppen, Barbara
Published year: 2015.
Journal: wH2O: Journal of Gender and Water
Pages: 4(1):55-64

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Vasudhara adivasi dairy cooperative: model for second white revolution?
Author(s): Shah, Tushaar; Mehta, Y.; Verma, S.; Patel, Amit
Published year: 2015.
Journal: Economic and Political Weekly
Pages: 50(7):15-18

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Water and salt dynamics at the meso-level in IIIMP areas, Mares El Gamal canal (11/7/2017)
Water and salt dynamics at the meso-level in IIIMP areas, Mares El Gamal canal
Author(s): Molle, Francois; El Hassan, W. A.; Salama, S.; Al-Agha, D. E.; Rap, Edwin
Published year: 2015.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: 40

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Fixing the leaks in women's human rights to water: lessons from South Africa
Author(s): van Koppen, Barbara; Derman, B.; Schreiner, B.; Durojaye, E.; Mweso, N.
Published year: 2015.
Pages: pp.457-506

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The human right to water and sanitation in a legal pluralist landscape: perspectives of southern and eastern African women
Author(s): Hellum, A.; Kameri-Mbote, P.; van Koppen, Barbara
Published year: 2015.
Pages: pp.1-31

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Branch canal water user associations in the Central Nile Delta (11/2/2017)
Branch canal water user associations in the Central Nile Delta
Author(s): Rap, Edwin; Molle, Francois; Al-Agha, D. E.; Ismail, A.; El Hassan, W. A.
Published year: 2015.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: 54

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Spatial and temporal variability of water quality in the Nile delta (11/2/2017)
Spatial and temporal variability of water quality in the Nile delta
Author(s): Al-Agha, D. E.; Molle, Francois; El Baily, M.; El Desouqy, E.; El-Hassan, W. A.
Published year: 2015.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: 26

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Survey of groundwater use in the central part of the Nile Delta (11/2/2017)
Survey of groundwater use in the central part of the Nile Delta
Author(s): Al-Agha, D. E.; Closas, Alvar; Molle, Francois
Published year: 2015.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: 50

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Irrigation improvement projects in the Nile Delta: promises, challenges, surprises (11/1/2017)
Irrigation improvement projects in the Nile Delta: promises, challenges, surprises
Author(s): Molle, Francois; Rap, Edwin; Al-Agha, D. E.; Ismail, A.; El Hassan, W. A.; Freeg, M.
Published year: 2015.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: 117

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Gender relations and water management in different eco-cultural contexts in northern Thailand
Author(s): Lebel, L.; Lebel, P.; Sriyasak, P.; Ratanawilailak, S.; Bastakoti, Ram C.; Bastakoti, G. B.
Published year: 2015.
Journal: International Journal of Agricultural Resources, Governance and Ecology
Pages: 11(3/4):228-246

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Understanding farmers’ adaptation to water scarcity: a case study from the western Nile Delta, Egypt (2/10/2015)
Understanding farmers’ adaptation to water scarcity: a case study from the western Nile Delta, Egypt
Author(s): Ghazouani, Wafa; Molle, Francois; Swelam, A.; Rap, Edwin; Abdo, A.
Published year: 2014.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: 31
Series: IWMI Research Report 160

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Assessment of India’s integrated agrometeorological advisory service from a farmer perspective (1/29/2015)
Assessment of India’s integrated agrometeorological advisory service from a farmer perspective
Author(s): Venkatasubramanian, K.; Tall, A.; Hansen, J.; Aggarwal, Pramod
Published year: 2014.
Publisher(s): Copenhagen, Denmark: CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS)
Pages: 65
Series: CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) Working Paper 54

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Global, regional, and country level need for data on wastewater generation, treatment, and use
Author(s): Sato, T.; Qadir, Manzoor; Yamamoto, S.; Endo, T.; Zahoor, A.
Published year: 2013.
Journal: Agricultural Water Management
Pages: 130:1-13

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Brief retrospective on water user organizations in Egypt. Final Report (11/1/2017)
Brief retrospective on water user organizations in Egypt. Final Report
Author(s): Molle, Francois; Rap, Edwin
Published year: 2013.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: 26

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Understanding Mesqa and Marwa Water Management Practices in IIP areas of the Nile Delta. Final Report (11/1/2017)
Understanding Mesqa and Marwa Water Management Practices in IIP areas of the Nile Delta. Final Report
Author(s): Dutta, S.; Salama, S.; Molle, Francois; Rap, Edwin; Hassan, W.
Published year: 2013.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: 74

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An exploratory survey of water management in the Meet Yazid Canal command area of the Nile Delta. Draft final report (11/1/2017)
An exploratory survey of water management in the Meet Yazid Canal command area of the Nile Delta. Draft final report
Author(s): Molle, Francois; Rap, Edwin; El-Agha, D. E.; Zaki, N.; El-Gamal, T.; Hassan, W.; Meleha, M.; Yassa, E.; Ismail, E.
Published year: 2013.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: 124

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Wastewater treatment practices in Africa - experiences from seven countries
Author(s): Nikiema, Josiane; Figoli, A.; Weissenbacher, N.; Langergraber, G.; Marrot, B.; Moulin, P.
Published year: 2013.
Journal: Sustainable Sanitation Practice
Pages: 14(January):26-34. (Selected contributions from the 1st WATERBIOTECH conference, Cairo, Egypt, 9-11 October 2012)

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What do we require from water biotechnologies in Africa?
Author(s): Weissenbacher, N.; Nikiema, Josiane; Garfi, M.; Figoli, A.
Published year: 2013.
Journal: Sustainable Sanitation Practice
Pages: 14(January):35-40. (Selected contributions from the 1st WATERBIOTECH conference, Cairo, Egypt, 9-11 October 2012)

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Why gender matters: for farming within the Limpopo River Basin
Author(s): Mapedza, Everisto
Published year: 2013.
Journal: AGRIDEAL Magazine
Pages: 2(September):83-85

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Water, food and poverty in river basins: defining the limits (9/7/2012)
Water, food and poverty in river basins: defining the limits
Author(s): Fisher, M.; Cook, Simon
Published year: 2012.
Publisher(s): London, UK: Routledge
Pages: 400

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Indirect economic impacts of dams
Author(s): Cestti, R.; Malik, Ravinder Paul Singh
Published year: 2012.
Pages: pp.19-35

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Water, food and poverty in river basins: defining the limits (5/9/2012)
Water, food and poverty in river basins: defining the limits
Author(s): Fisher, M.; Cook, Simon
Published year: 2012.
Publisher(s): London, UK: Routledge
Pages: 400

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The Nile Basin: tapping the unmet agricultural potential of Nile waters
Author(s): Awulachew, Seleshi Bekele; Rebelo, Lisa-Maria; Molden, David
Published year: 2012.
Pages: pp.160-191

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Putting gender on the map: methods for mapping gendered farm management systems in Sub-Saharan Africa (12/11/2012)
Putting gender on the map: methods for mapping gendered farm management systems in Sub-Saharan Africa
Author(s): Meinzen-Dick, R.; van Koppen, Barbara; Behrman, J.; Karelina, Z.; Hope, Lesley; Akamandisa, V. M.; Wielgosz, B.
Published year: 2012.
Publisher(s): Washington, DC, USA: IFPRI
Pages: 54
Series: IFPRI Discussion Paper 01153

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Assessing social and gender equity in the water sector (11/9/2012)
Assessing social and gender equity in the water sector
Author(s): Bhat, S.; Pomane, R.; Kulkarni, S.
Published year: 2012.
Journal: IWMI-Tata Water Policy Research Highlight
Pages: 22. 7

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Redefining irrigation as if gender mattered (11/8/2012)
Redefining irrigation as if gender mattered
Author(s): Kulkarni, S.
Published year: 2012.
Journal: IWMI-Tata Water Policy Research Highlight
Pages: 14. 5

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Gender analysis of land use for urban agriculture and sustainability of livelihoods in Freetown, Sierra Leone
Author(s): Idowu, O.; Cofie, Olufunke; Adeoti, A.
Published year: 2012.
Journal: African Journal of Agricultural Research
Pages: 7(5):676-683

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Overview of groundwater in the Nile River Basin
Author(s): MacAlister, Charlotte; Pavelic, Paul; Tindimugaya, C.; Ayenew, T.; Ibrahim, M. E.; Meguid, M. A.
Published year: 2012.
Pages: pp.186-211

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Nile Basin farming systems and productivity
Author(s): Karimi, Poolad; Molden, David; Notenbaert, A.; Peden D.
Published year: 2012.
Pages: pp.133-153

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Labor market dynamics in post-MGNREGA [Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act] rural India (11/1/2012)
Labor market dynamics in post-MGNREGA [Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act] rural India
Author(s): Verma, S.; Shah, Tushaar
Published year: 2012.
Journal: IWMI-Tata Water Policy Research Highlight
Pages: 8. 9

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Water users associations in the NEN [Near East and North Africa] Region: IFAD interventions and overall dynamics. [Project report submitted to IFAD by IWMI] (10/1/2013)
Water users associations in the NEN [Near East and North Africa] Region: IFAD interventions and overall dynamics. [Project report submitted to IFAD by IWMI]
Author(s): Ghazouani, W.; Molle, Francois; Rap, E.
Published year: 2012.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: 153

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Use of decision support systems to improve dam planning and dam operation in Africa. [Report of the CGIAR Challenge Program on Water and Food project on Improved Planning of Large Dam Operation: Using Decision Support Systems to Optimize Benefits, Safeguard Health and Protect the Environment] (5/26/2011)
Use of decision support systems to improve dam planning and dam operation in Africa. [Report of the CGIAR Challenge Program on Water and Food project on Improved Planning of Large Dam Operation: Using Decision Support Systems to Optimize Benefits, Safeguard Health and Protect the Environment]
Author(s): McCartney, Matthew; King, J.
Published year: 2011.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: CGIAR Challenge Program on Water and Food (CPWF)
Pages: 74
Series: CPWF Research for Development (R4D) Series 2

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Partage des benefices du bassin du nil bleu: la lecon a tirer d'autres bassins fluviaux. In French
Author(s): Mapedza, Everisto; Tafesse, T.
Published year: 2011.
Journal: Ethique et Societe
Pages: 7(2-3):193-218

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Gender in irrigated farming: a case study in the Zerafshan River Basin, Uzbekistan
Author(s): Gunchinmaa, T.; Hamdamova, D.; van Koppen, Barbara
Published year: 2011.
Journal: Gender, Technology and Development
Pages: 15(2):201-222

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Benefit sharing as a mechanism for improving transboundary water governance: the case of the eastern Nile Sub-basin. [Abstract only]
Author(s): Mapedza, Everisto; Tafesse, T.
Published year: 2011.
Pages: 1

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Performance assessment of irrigation water management in old lands of the Nile Delta of Egypt
Author(s): El-Agha, D. E.; Molden, David; Ghanem, A. M.
Published year: 2011.
Journal: Irrigation and Drainage Systems
Pages: 25(4):215-236

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Mapping crop water productivity in the Nile Basin through combined use of remote sensing and census data
Author(s): Karimi, Poolad; Molden, David; Bastiaanssen, W.
Published year: 2011.
Pages: pp.137-148
Series: ICID Transaction No. 30-A

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Effect of capacity building on production of safe and profitable leafy vegetables among farmers in Ibadan City of Nigeria
Author(s): Olajide-Taiwo, L. O.; Cofie, Olufunke; Odeleye, O. M. O.; Olajide-Taiwo, F. B.; Olufunmi, Y.; Adebayo, O. S.; Alabi, O. O.
Published year: 2011.
Pages: pp.427-432
Series: ISHS Acta Horticulturae 911

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Water reclamation and reuse in MENA: a water demand practice. Background paper (8/30/2010)
Water reclamation and reuse in MENA: a water demand practice. Background paper
Author(s): Bahri, Akissa
Published year: 2010.
Publisher(s): Giza, Egypt: Regional Water Demand Initiative (WaDImena)
Pages: 29

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Wastewater reuse (5/12/2010)
Wastewater reuse
Author(s): Drechsel, Pay; Evans, Alexandra
Published year: 2010.
Journal: Irrigation and Drainage Systems
Pages: 24(1-2). 153p. (Special issue with contributions by IWMI authors)

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Wastewater production, treatment, and irrigation in Middle East and North Africa
Author(s): Qadir, Manzoor; Bahri, Akissa; Sato, T.; Al-Karadsheh, E.
Published year: 2010.
Journal: Irrigation and Drainage Systems
Pages: 24(1-2):37-51 (Special issue with contributions by IWMI authors)

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Livestock water productivity in the Blue Nile Basin: assessment of farm scale heterogeneity
Author(s): Haileslassie, A.; Peden, D.; Gebreselassie, S.; Amede, Tilahun; Wagnew, A.; Taddesse, G.
Published year: 2009.
Journal: Rangeland Journal
Pages: 31(2):213-222

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Gender and urban agriculture: the case of Accra, Ghana
Author(s): Hope, Lesley; Cofie, Olufunke; Keraita, Bernard; Drechsel, Pay
Published year: 2009.
Pages: pp.65-78

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A history of irrigated areas of the world
Author(s): Li, Y. J.; Thenkabail, P. S.; Biradar, C. M.; Noojipady, P.; Dheeravath, V.; Velpuri, M.; Gangalakunta, O. R. P.; Cai, Xueliang
Published year: 2009.
Pages: pp.13-37
Series: Taylor amp; Francis Series in Remote Sensing Applications

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A simple semi-distributed water balance model for the Ethiopian highlands
Author(s): Collick, A. S.; Easton, Z. M.; Ashagrie, T.; Biruk, B.; Tilahun, S.; Adgo, E.; Awulachew, Seleshi Bekele; Zeleke, G.; Steenhuis, T. S.
Published year: 2009.
Journal: Hydrological Processes
Pages: 23:3718-3727

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Predicting discharge and sediment for the Abay (Blue Nile) with a simple model
Author(s): Steenhuis, T. S.; Collick, A. S.; Easton, Z. M.; Leggesse, E. S.; Bayabil, H. K.; White, E. D.; Awulachew, Seleshi Bekele; Adgo, E.; Ahmed, A. A.
Published year: 2009.
Journal: Hydrological Processes
Pages: 23:3728-3737

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Water reuse in Middle Eastern and North African countries
Author(s): Bahri, Akissa
Published year: 2008.
Pages: pp.27-47
Series: IWA Scientific and Technical Report 20

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Case studies in Middle Eastern and North African countries
Author(s): Bahri, Akissa
Published year: 2008.
Pages: pp.558-591
Series: IWA Scientific and Technical Report 20

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Institutional settings and livelihood strategies in the Blue Nile Basin: implications for upstream/downstream linkages
Author(s): Haileslassie, A.; Hagos, Fitsum; Mapedza, Everisto; Sadoff, Claudia W.; Awulachew, Seleshi Bekele; Gebreselassie, S.; Peden, D.
Published year: 2008.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: 75
Series: IWMI Working Paper 132

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Climate change impacts on hydrology and water resources of the Upper Blue Nile River Basin, Ethiopia
Author(s): Kim, U.; Kaluarachchi, Jagath J.; Smakhtin, Vladimir U.
Published year: 2008.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: 21
Series: IWMI Research Report 126

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Evaluation of water availability and allocation in the Blue Nile Basin
Author(s): Awulachew, Seleshi Bekele; McCartney, Matthew; Ibrahim, Y.; Shiferaw, Y. S.
Published year: 2008.
Pages: pp.6-10

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Improved water and land management in the Ethiopian highlands and implications for the downstream Blue Nile
Author(s): Awulachew, Seleshi Bekele; McCartney, Matthew; Steenhuis, T.; Ahmed, A.; Bashar, K.
Published year: 2008.
Pages: 12

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Improved water and land management in the Ethiopian highlands and its impact on the downstream dependent on the Blue Nile
Author(s): Awulachew, Seleshi Bekele; McCartney, Matthew; Steinhaus, T.
Published year: 2008.
Pages: 12

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Multiple use of irrigation water for improved health in dry regions of Africa and South Asia
Author(s): Boelee, Eline; Laamrani, Hammou; van der Hoek, Wim
Published year: 2007.
Journal: Irrigation and Drainage
Pages: 56:43-51

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Prospects for productive use of saline water in West Asia and North Africa
Author(s): Stenhouse, J.; Kijne, Jacob
Published year: 2006.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI), Comprehensive Assessment Secretariat
Pages: 41
Series: Comprehensive Assessment of Water Management in Agriculture Research Report 011

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IDIS basin kit, Nile Basin, V1.0
Author(s): IWMI
Published year: 2006.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: IWMI
Pages: 1 DVD

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Transboundary water law in Africa: development, nature, and Geography
Author(s): Lautze, J.; Giordano, Mark
Published year: 2006.
Journal: Natural Resources Journal
Pages: 45(4):1053-1087

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Agricultural water use and management in arid and semiarid areas: Current situation and measures for improvement
Author(s): Dehghanisanij, H.; Oweis, T.; Qureshi, Asad Sarwar
Published year: 2006.
Journal: Annals of Arid Zone
Pages: 45(2):1-24

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Irrigation and schistosomiasis in Africa: ecological aspects
Author(s): Boelee, Eline; Madsen, H.
Published year: 2006.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: 34
Series: IWMI Research Report 099

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Wastewater reuse in the Middle East and North Africa
Author(s): McCornick, Peter G.
Published year: 2004.
Journal: Waterlines
Pages: 23(1):9-11

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The groundswell of pumps: Multi-level impacts of a silent revolution
Author(s): Molle, F.; Shah, T.; Barker, R.
Published year: 2003.
Pages: pp.464-480

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The groundswell of pumps: Multilevel impacts of a silent revolution
Author(s): Molle, F.; Shah, T.; Barker, R.
Published year: 2003.
Pages: 18

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Rules rather than rights: Self-regulation in intensively used groundwater systems
Author(s): van Steenbergen, F.; Shah, T.
Published year: 2003.
Pages: pp.241-256

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Managing water from farmers’ field to river basins: implications of scale
Author(s): Molden, D.; Merrey, D.
Published year: 2002.
Pages: pp.141-155

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Hydronomic zones for developing basin water conservation strategies
Author(s): Molden, D. J.; Sakthivadivel, R.; Keller, J.
Published year: 2001.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: v, 30
Series: IWMI Research Report 056

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Hydronomic zones for developing basin water conservation strategies
Author(s): Molden, D.; Sakthivadevel, R.; Keller, J.
Published year: 2001.
Pages: pp.335-364

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Water for rural development: Background paper on water for rural development prepared for the World Bank
Author(s): Molden, D.; Amarasinghe, U.; Hussain, I.
Published year: 2001.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: v, 89
Series: IWMI Working Paper 032

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Institutional arrangements for land drainage in developing countries
Author(s): Freisem, C.; Scheumann, W.
Published year: 2001.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: v, 67
Series: IWMI Working Paper 028

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Gender and irrigation in India: the Women's Irrigation Group of Jambar, South Gujarat
Author(s): van Koppen, B.; Nagar, R. K.; Vasavada, S.
Published year: 2001.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: v, 9
Series: IWMI Working Paper 010

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Participatory reforms: impacts from other countries of the world
Author(s): Waheed uz Zaman
Published year: 2000.
Pages: pp.77-84

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Irrigation-induced river salinization: five major irrigated basins in the arid zone
Author(s): Smedema, L.
Published year: 2000.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: vii, 87p.+ CD

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Participatory reforms: impacts from other countries of the world
Author(s): Waheed uz Zaman
Published year: 2000.
Pages: pp.17-23

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Rural women's association: an assessment of the success factors and sustainability
Author(s): Pardeller, L.; de Lange, M.; Magadlela, D.; Smal, S.; Sugrue, A.; Stimie, C.; van Koppen, B.
Published year: 1999.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: iii, 45
Series: IWMI South Africa Working Paper 1

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Gender issues and women's participation in irrigated agriculture: the case of two private irrigation canals in Carchi, Ecuador
Author(s): Bastidas, E. P.
Published year: 1999.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: 21
Series: IWMI Research Report 031

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Water accounting to assess use and productivity of water
Author(s): Molden, D.; Sakthivadivel, R.
Published year: 1999.
Journal: International Journal of Water Resources Development
Pages: 15(1amp;2):55-71

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Water harvesting and supplemental irrigation for improved water use efficiency in dry areas
Author(s): Oweis, T.; Hachum, A.; Kijne, J.
Published year: 1999.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Pages: vi, 41
Series: SWIM paper 7

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Use and productivity of Egypt's Nile water
Author(s): Molden, D. J.; el Kady, M.; Zhu, Z.
Published year: 1998.
Pages: pp.99-116

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A remote sensing surface energy balance algorithm for land (SEBAL): 2. Validation
Author(s): Bastiaanssen, W. G. M.; Pelgrum, H.; Wang, J.; Ma, Y.; Moreno, J. F.; Roerink, G. J.; van der Wal, T.
Published year: 1998.
Journal: Journal of Hydrology
Pages: 212/213:213-229

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Women's participation in irrigated agriculture and farmer organisations: implications for the future. Paper 130 of Session 11
Author(s): Athukorale, K.; Weerakoon, P.
Published year: 1998.
Pages: 19

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Water control in Egypt's canal irrigation: a discussion of institutional issues at different levels
Author(s): Mollinga, P. P.; Merrey, D. J.; Hvidt, M.; Radwan, L. S.
Published year: 1998.
Publisher(s): Wageningen, The Netherlands: International Institute for Land Reclamation and Improvement
Pages: vii, 61
Series: Liquid Gold 1998 Paper 3

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ITIS (Information Techniques for Irrigation Systems): network newsletter published by the International Irrigation Management Institute
Author(s): International Irrigation Management Institute (IIMI).
Published year: 1997.
Journal: ITIS (Information Techniques for Irrigation Systems)
Pages: 3(1). 23

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Expanding the frontiers of irrigation management research: Results of research and development at the International Irrigation Management Institute, 1984 to 1995
Author(s): Merrey, D. J.
Published year: 1997.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Irrigation Management Institute (IIMI)
Pages: xlii, 228

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Governance and institutional arrangements for managing water resources in Egypt
Author(s): Merrey, D. J.
Published year: 1997.
Pages: pp.1-22
Series: Liquid Gold 1998 Paper 3

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Les conditions d'une gestion paysanne des amenagements hydro-agricoles en Afrique de l'ouest: Synthese du Seminaire international de Niamey, 24-28 Septembre 1996
Author(s): IIMI
Published year: 1997.
Publisher(s): Paris, France: Inter-Reseaux
Pages: 79
Series: Dossiers de Lapos;Inter-Reseaux 2

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Diagnostic et analyse de performance du perimetre irrigue de Kourani-Baria II
Author(s): IIMI Niger
Published year: 1997.
Pages: 59p. + annexes

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Hanyoyin Kyautata noman gandari; Comment ameliorer les performances des amenagements hydro-agricoles?
Author(s): International Irrigation Management Institute (IIMI).
Published year: 1997.
Publisher(s): Niamey, Niger: International Irrigation Management Institute (IIMI)
Pages: 27

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Mata Kan i ga ruggey nafa boriyandi; Comment ameliorer les performances des amenagements hydro-agricoles
Author(s): International Irrigation Management Institute (IIMI).
Published year: 1997.
Publisher(s): Niamey, Niger: International Irrigation Management Institute (IIMI)
Pages: 27

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Space observations on uniformity of irrigation water distribution
Author(s): Bastiaanssen, W.
Published year: 1997.
Journal: ITIS (Information Techniques for Irrigation Systems)
Pages: 4(1):8-9

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Free-riders or victims: Women's non-participation in irrigation management in Nepal's Chhattis Mauja Irrigation Scheme
Author(s): Zwarteveen, M.
Published year: 1997.
Journal: Journal of Applied Irrigation Science
Pages: 32(1):113-116

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Sustainable management of land and water resources in irrigated semi-arid and tropical regions
Author(s): Kijne, J. W.; Kuper, M.
Published year: 1996.
Pages: pp.67-85

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Quantification and measurement of a minimum set of indicators of the performance of irrigation systems
Author(s): IIMI
Published year: 1996.
Pages: 5p. + annexes

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Nile water use: Patterns, performance, and predictions
Author(s): Molden, D.; El Kady, M.; Zhu, Z.
Published year: 1996.
Pages: 15

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Information techniques for irrigation systems - Proceedings of the Third International Network Meeting on Information Techniques for Irrigation Systems held in Alor Setar, Malaysia, 15-17 June 1996 - Theme: Scheduling of water deliveries in irrigation systems
Author(s): Renault, D.; Imbulana, K. A. U. S.; Hemakumara, H. M.
Published year: 1996.
Pages: 97

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Free-riders or victims: women's nonparticipation in irrigation management in Nepal's Chhattis Mauja Irrigation Scheme
Author(s): Zwarteveen, M.; Neupane, N.
Published year: 1996.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Irrigation Management Institute (IIMI)
Pages: v, 21
Series: IWMI Research Report 007; IIMI Research Report 007

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Drainage reuse and land expansion
Author(s): Zhu, Z.; El Kady, M.; Molden, D.
Published year: 1996.
Pages: 14p. + appendices
Series: WRSR publication series no.27

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Salt loading in the Nile Irrigation System
Author(s): Zhu, Z.; Molden, D.; El Kady, M.
Published year: 1996.
Pages: 12
Series: WRSR publication series no.25

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Conserving Egypt's Nile waters: an overview of strategies for estimating and capturing potential and waste water conservation savings. Research report of the Water Resources Strategic Research Activity (WRSR)
Author(s): Keller, J.; Keller, A.; Davids, G.; El Kady, M.
Published year: 1996.
Publisher(s): Cairo, Egypt: National Water Research Center. Ministry of Public Works; USAID
Pages: 10
Series: WRSR Publication Series No.23

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Sustainable management of land and water resources in irrigated semi-arid and tropical regions
Author(s): Kijne, J. W.; Kuper, M.
Published year: 1996.
Pages: 17

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Irrigation practices at the farm level
Author(s): Shafique, M. S.
Published year: 1996.
Pages: pp.24-41

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Data management related to the application of two crop-water-environment- models in Argentina and Egypt
Author(s): Bastiaanssen, W. G. M.; Soliman, K. E. D. M.; Mirabile, C.; Korani, M.; Gawad, S. A.
Published year: 1996.
Pages: pp.54-68

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The privatization and self-management of irrigation. Final report submitted to the Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH by IIMI
Author(s): Vermillion, D. L.
Published year: 1996.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Irrigation Management Institute (IIMI)
Pages: xv, 202

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Alternative approaches to cost sharing for water service to agriculture in Egypt
Author(s): Perry, C. J.
Published year: 1996.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Irrigation Management Institute (IIMI)
Pages: iii, 15
Series: IWMI Research Report 002; IIMI Research Report 002

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Diagnosis of regional evaporation by remote sensing to support irrigation performance assessment
Author(s): Bastiaanssen, W. G. M.; Van Der Wal, T.; Visser, T. N. M.
Published year: 1996.
Journal: Irrigation and Drainage Systems
Pages: 10(1):1-23

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Rural women's questions are agrarian questions: A discussion of the Intellectual and Political Construction of Realities of Rural Women
Author(s): Zwarteveen, M. Z.; Endeveld, M.
Published year: 1995.
Pages: 11

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An action plan for strengthening water resource management in Egypt
Author(s): International Irrigation Management Institute (IIMI).
Published year: 1995.
Pages: xvi, 146
Series: Report number 3

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Water resources, irrigation operations and institutional issues: An analysis of the Ministry of Public Works and Water Resources, Government of Egypt
Author(s): International Irrigation Management Institute (IIMI).
Published year: 1995.
Pages: xiv, 194
Series: Report no.2

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A national water services cost sharing program: proposed mechanisms and phasing for implementation. Report no.5 prepared by the International Irrigation Management Institute, Sri Lanka for the study, 'Strengthening irrigation management in Egypt'
Author(s): International Irrigation Management Institute (IIMI).
Published year: 1995.
Publisher(s): Cairo, Egypt: International Irrigation Management Institute (IIMI)
Pages: iv, 18

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Irrigation management transfer: selected papers from the International Conference on Irrigation Management Transfer, Wuhan, China, 20-24 September 1994
Author(s): Johnson, S. H.; Vermillion, D. L.; Sagardoy, J. A.
Published year: 1995.
Publisher(s): Rome, Italy: FAO
Pages: 499
Series: FAO Water Reports 5

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Financial, economic returns and value added per consumptive use of water for major crops in Egypt
Author(s): Hussain, Z.; Seckler, D.; El-Kady, M.; Aal, F. A.
Published year: 1995.
Pages: 23
Series: Working paper series no.2-4

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Farmers' views of the old irrigation system and the irrigation improvement project in two governorates: Menya and Kafr El Shiekh
Author(s): Mohieddin, M. M.; El Masry, S.; Shaban, A.
Published year: 1995.
Pages: 17

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The training center and human resource development in the Ministry of Public Works and Water Resources
Author(s): Rao, P. S.
Published year: 1995.
Pages: 63

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Study of maintenance management in the Ministry of Public Works and Water Resources, Egypt
Author(s): Vissia, R.
Published year: 1995.
Pages: 50

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Irrigation service cost recovery in Egypt: Report on a workshop
Author(s): IIMI
Published year: 1995.
Pages: ii, 9p. + annexes

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Water resources, irrigation operations, and institutional issues: An analysis of the Ministry of Public Works and Water Resources: Report on a workshop
Author(s): IIMI
Published year: 1995.
Pages: 23

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Financial management systems in the Ministry of Public Works and Water Resources, Government of Egypt: an analysis and recommendations for meeting current and future needs. A report prepared for the study 'Strengthening irrigation management in Egypt'
Author(s): Lewis, C. B.; Hilal, M. M.
Published year: 1995.
Publisher(s): Cairo, Egypt: International Irrigation Management Institute (IIMI)
Pages: 20

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Cost recovery for water services to agriculture
Author(s): International Irrigation Management Institute (IIMI); Egypt. Ministry of Public Works and Water Resources
Published year: 1995.
Pages: 14

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Strengthening irrigation management in Egypt: a program for the future: non-agricultural cost recovery
Author(s): Cestti, R. E.
Published year: 1995.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Irrigation Management Institute (IIMI)
Pages: v, 55

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Nile water resources management in Egypt, in 2010: Achieving a common vision: Report on a Workshop, Alexandria, Egypt, 9-12 March 1995
Author(s): International Irrigation Management Institute (IIMI); Egypt. Ministry of Public Works and Water Resources
Published year: 1995.
Pages: 22

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Strengthening irrigation management in Egypt: A program for the future
Author(s): IIMI; MPWWR; USAID
Published year: 1995.
Pages: 32p. + annexes

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Regionalization of surface flux densities and moisture indicators in composite terrain: a remote sensing approach under clear skies in Mediterranean climates
Author(s): Bastiaanssen, W. G. M.
Published year: 1995.
Publisher(s): Wageningen, Netherlands: Wageningen Agricultural University
Pages: 273

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Diagnostic approfondi du systeme de production rizicole de l'amenagement de Saga (version provisoire)
Author(s): Chegou, M.
Published year: 1994.
Publisher(s): Niamey, Niger: International Irrigation Management Institute (IIMI)
Pages: 89p. + annexes

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Program on improving public irrigation organizations and sector level management of irrigated agriculture
Author(s): Merrey, D. J.
Published year: 1994.
Pages: 12

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Quelques elements agronomiques d'evaluation des performances des amenagements hydro-agricoles en aval de barrage
Author(s): Ouattara, S.
Published year: 1994.
Pages: pp.89-114

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International Conference on Irrigation Management Transfer, Wuhan, China, 20-24 September 1994. Vol.2. Draft conference papers
Author(s): IIMI; Wuhan University of Hydraulic and Electrical Engineering
Published year: 1994.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Irrigation Management Institute (IIMI); Wuhan, China: Wuhan University of Hydraulic and Electrical Engineering
Pages: 321

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Observations on institutional aspects of irrigated agriculture
Author(s): Merrey, D.
Published year: 1994.
Pages: 8

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Les organisations paysannes sont-elles pretes a autogerer les amenagements hydro-agricoles?. In French
Author(s): Legoupil, J. C.
Published year: 1993.
Pages: pp.49-61

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Performance measurement in farmer-managed irrigation systems. Proceedings of an International Workshop of the Farmer-Managed Irrigation Systems Network, Mendoza, Argentina, 12-15 November 1991
Author(s): Manor, S.; Chambouleyron, J.
Published year: 1993.
Publisher(s): Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Irrigation Management Institute (IIMI)
Pages: xxxvii, 266

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International Workshop on The Application of Mathematical Modelling for the Improvement of Irrigation Canal Operation, October 26-30, 1992, Montpellier, France
Author(s): IIMI; CEMAGREF
Published year: 1992.
Pages: 335

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Les organisations paysannes sont-elles pretes a autogerer les amenagements hydro-agricoles?: representant regional de I'IIMI pour I'Afrique de I'ouest. In French
Author(s): Legoupil, J. C.
Published year: 1992.
Publisher(s): Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso: International Irrigation Management Institute (IIMI)
Pages: 9p. + annexes

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Monitoring crop growth in large irrigation schemes on the basis of actual evapotranspiration: Comparison of remote sensing algorithm and simulation model results
Author(s): Bastiaanssen, W. G. M.; Roest, C. W. J.; Abdel Khalek, M. A.; Pelgrum, H.
Published year: 1992.
Pages: pp.473-483

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Mapping of groundwater losses by evaporation in the Western Desert of Egypt
Author(s): Menenti, M.; Bastiaanssen, W. G. M.; Hefny, K.; El Karim, M. H. A.
Published year: 1991.
Publisher(s): Wageningen, Netherlands: Winand Staring Centre
Pages: 116

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Evaluacion del desempeno en sistemas de riego administrados por los agricultores: El Tercero Seminario Internacional de la Red de FMIS, 12-15 November 1991, Mendoza, Argentina
Author(s): Manor, S.; Chambouleyron, J.
Published year: 1991.
Pages: 2 vols; v

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Mapping groundwater losses in the Western Desert of Egypt with satellite measurements of surface reflectance and surface temperature
Author(s): Bastiaanssen, W. G. M.; Menenti, M.
Published year: 1990.
Pages: pp.61-90

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Mapping of evaporation in the western desert of Egypt with remote sensing techniques
Author(s): Bastiaanssen, W. G. M.; Menenti, M.
Published year: 1990.
Pages: pp.110-112

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Evaluation of the structural replacement and project preparation unit components of the irrigation management system project
Author(s): Wickham, T.; Auslam, D.; Jubboori, S.
Published year: 1989.
Publisher(s): Washington, DC, USA: ISPAN
Pages: xi, 80
Series: ISPAN report no.18

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Completed projects
(27 completed projects listed)

Covid-19 disruption & adaptation

Covid-19 has caused a rupture in migration logistics and exposed inequities in the migration system, yet drivers of movement remain. Government lockdowns and closed borders due to the pandemic curtailed movement for migrants, posing complex problems for migrant hosting and origin countries. There have been significant economic shocks, with a sharp decline in unemployment for migrants and an inability to send money home through remittances to support family. Some migrants face social stigma for returning home without an income, particularly if families relied on loans to support their journeys. Consequences have been severe for informal migrants who lack government protection in their host countries. Migrants, particularly those living in crowded, lower-income neighborhoods, have been experiencing stigmatization related to the spread of Covid-19. We look at the impacts of Covid-19 on migration governance and rural areas across seven countries, development planning in Ghana, migration challenges in Southeast Asia, and community-based disaster management and resilience building in South Africa.

This focus area contributes to the following One CGIAR impact areas:

Nutrition, health and food security Poverty reduction, livelihoods and jobs Gender equality, youth and inclusion

Enhancing capacity for system transformation

Food, land and water systems are complex networks of actors, institutions and activities related to the production, value addition and consumption of food. These systems are connected to and influenced by the structures and supporting mechanisms that underlie them. System transformation cannot occur without changing these underlying structures and supporting mechanisms. However, the capacity for actors to take up specific roles and responsibilities in scaling processes is sometimes lacking. Stimulating system transformation therefore requires enhancing actors’ capacity to assume their roles and responsibilities in the system to ensure that scaling processes provide equitable opportunities and contribute to sustainable development.

As a research institution, IWMI stimulates system transformation by building capacity within institutions and facilitating dialogue and collaboration between various stakeholders across sectors and their respective networks. IWMI does this by developing evidence-based capacity-strengthening programs and strategies. These include demand-driven internships with private sector entities and innovation hackathons.

This focus area contributes to the following One CGIAR impact areas:

Nutrition, health and food security Poverty reduction, livelihoods and jobs Gender equality, youth and inclusion Environmental health and biodiversity Climate adaptation and mitigation

Strengthening and sustaining the enabling environment

Making agricultural innovations and water solutions available to farmers on a massive scale is crucial if the world is to meet growing food demands and mitigate climate change impacts. However, innovation scaling efforts often do not have the desired impact because they do not sufficiently consider the factors enabling and inhibiting farmers’ adoption of these innovations. In some instances, they may even produce undesirable impacts, including environmental degradation, loss of access to resources and social inequality. IWMI develops tools and other evidence-based resources to help partners and stakeholders understand and sustain the enabling environment and introduce measures to ensure scaling success. In addition, IWMI co-designs innovative, inclusive financial modalities to accelerate investment in innovations by farmers and agri-businesses.

A key part of this focus area is the Accelerator Program, for which 12 small and medium-sized agribusinesses were selected to scale five innovation bundles that support climate information services and climate-smart agriculture.

This focus area contributes to the following One CGIAR impact areas:

Poverty reduction, livelihoods and jobs Gender equality, youth and inclusion Climate adaptation and mitigation

Enabling gender and youth inclusion

Agriculture is the bedrock of food and nutrition security and a major source of income and employment in many developing countries. Inclusive agriculture, provides opportunities for women and youth who have historically been excluded from agriculture-led economic growth. Enhancing gender and youth inclusion in high-value agricultural value chains has the potential to increase the production of nutrient-rich, profitable crops and create attractive job opportunities for currently disadvantaged groups. Inclusive agriculture includes ensuring that women, youth and other vulnerable groups gain equitable access to water resources and technologies to support agronomic growth.

IWMI conducts comprehensive analyses of the policy framework and interventions in value chains in key geographies to clarify the barriers to gender and youth inclusion. Inclusion segmentation is also carried out to understand the investment needs and abilities of women and youth regarding innovation. IWMI then makes recommendations and develops evidence-based strategies to enable public and private sector actors to achieve sustainable and inclusive scaling of water solutions and agricultural innovation bundles. Among these strategies are internships with private sector companies for young professionals and entrepreneurs. These create win-win situations in which companies benefit from interns’ specific knowledge or skills while interns gain valuable private sector work experience and mentorship.

This focus area contributes to the following One CGIAR impact areas:

Poverty reduction, livelihoods and jobs Gender equality, youth and inclusion

Brokering knowledge for sustainability

As a research-for-development organization, IWMI is both a producer and broker of knowledge. IWMI generates evidence to support investment in innovations that sustainably increase agricultural productivity and economic returns, support human well-being, water security and safeguard ecosystems in a changing climate. Through forums and events, often co-convened with partners, IWMI brokers knowledge exchange to catalyze change in water and food systems and accelerate innovation scaling. These forums and events include multi-stakeholder dialogues, demand-supply linkage workshops and knowledge exchange conferences.

This focus area contributes to the following One CGIAR impact areas:

Nutrition, health and food security Poverty reduction, livelihoods and jobs Climate adaptation and mitigation

Cultivating scaling preparedness

Scaling preparedness is a set of actions undertaken throughout the scaling process to maximize the adoption of innovation bundles, accelerate scaling and increase the likelihood of achieving transformational change. In cultivating scaling preparedness, stakeholder engagement is key to gain stakeholders’ buy-in, commitment, resource contribution and investment as well as adaptability. By cultivating scaling preparedness, IWMI is better able to identify and develop high-potential innovation bundles with the greatest chance of being successfully scaled.

This focus area contributes to the following One CGIAR impact areas:

Nutrition, health and food security  Gender equality, youth and inclusion  Climate adaptation and mitigation

Fostering scaling partnerships

Private sector actors play a central role in the dissemination and adoption of technologies and services such as information, financing, and pre- and after-sales support. IWMI has established scaling partnerships with private sector companies across Africa and Asia. Besides technical assistance, IWMI provides its partner companies with research evidence and advice, risk and suitability assessments and capacity strengthening for effective climate change-related planning and management.

Armed with these tools and resources, companies are better equipped to identify and reach their target customers in ways that are equitable, economically viable and environmentally sustainable. At the same time, farmers benefit from better access to innovations vital for improving livelihoods and climate adaptation.

This focus area contributes to the following One CGIAR impact areas:

Nutrition, health and food security Poverty reduction, livelihoods and jobs Gender equality, youth and inclusion Environmental health and biodiversity Climate adaptation and mitigation

Co-developing innovation bundles

Although agricultural water is still mainly funded by the public sector, private sector organizations and farmers are increasingly investing in innovative water management and irrigation technologies. At the same time, simply increasing the amount of finance flowing to the agricultural water sector is not enough to guarantee the uptake of innovative solutions. Investments must also be responsible, targeted and bundled with improved inputs and services, market information and access, and digital payment methods.

Consequently, IWMI partners with farmers and public and private sector actors to co-develop contextually relevant socio-technical-institutional-financial and process innovation bundles that are contextually relevant. IWMI integrates the scaling of innovation bundles into agricultural and food value chains, for instance by strengthening market linkages, to enhance the impacts on farmers’ investments, incomes and livelihoods.

This focus area contributes to the following One CGIAR impact areas:

Nutrition, health and food security  Gender equality, youth and inclusion  Climate adaptation and mitigation

Gender, intersectionality and social inclusion

It is critical to center gender and intersectional identities when unpacking migration phenomena. Gender as a social construct guides social norms and relations, including the decision-making processes and mechanisms leading to migration. We recognize that the intersections between race, age, class, sex, caste and region shape the migrant experience.

IWMI strives to offer transformative approaches and solutions for women, youth and marginalized groups, regarding them as equal partners in our work rather than passive end-users.  For example, within communities that experience male out migration, socio-political systems are restructured to make women, youth and other groups active agents in their own agri-food transformation. Migration patterns contribute to the feminization of agriculture, and women may experience a greater burden of responsibility coupled with an increased ability to access and control resources and policies to build sustainable livelihoods. Acknowledging social complexities helps researchers and communities understand migration trends and address structural power imbalances to build a more equitable world.

This focus area contributes to the following One CGIAR impact areas:

Nutrition, health and food security Poverty reduction, livelihoods and jobs Gender equality, youth and inclusion

Water, climate change and agrarian stress

Migration, water and climate stress are inextricably linked to rural development. Water stress and climate variability can act as a driver of fragility, intensifying pre-existing political, social, economic and environmental challenges. Initiatives designed to address migration-related challenges must tackle inequalities and the exclusion of women, youth and marginalized groups; governance opportunities to better manage water and natural resources and technology and innovations to help communities escape socio-ecological precarity and thrive despite climate challenges. IWMI intends to build climate resilience by implementing projects which tackle gender-power inequalities in the face of dynamic, economic-social-ecological challenges. Our work brings together affected communities, institutional stakeholders and social actors to manage water in response to climate variability and agrarian stress, striving to address complex physical and social variables.

This focus area contributes to the following One CGIAR impact areas:

Nutrition, health and food security Poverty reduction, livelihoods and jobs Gender equality, youth and inclusion Climate adaptation and mitigation

Urban & rural transformation

As agricultural opportunities fluctuate in rural areas, migration, particularly to urban areas, is an adaptation technique to secure incomes and alternative livelihoods. Income generated by migrants is often sent back to family as remittances to support communities at home. At IWMI, we assess linkages between rural and urban areas, as well as the role of agricultural knowledge systems and food and water security. We recognize there are complex push and pull factors such as individual aspirations, economic opportunity, social norms, climate variability and government policies which drive migration and affect rural communities, particularly youth. Our work follows a ‘positive migration’ philosophy, framing migration as an adaptation technique and socio-economic choice (in many cases) rather than a problem to be solved, and focuses on establishing safer, more regular migration by supporting changes to migration governance in sending regions.

This focus area contributes to the following One CGIAR impact areas:

Nutrition, health and food security Poverty reduction, livelihoods and jobs Gender equality, youth and inclusion Climate adaptation and mitigation

Economics and equity

At IWMI, researching underlying economic and social trends helps us understand why people migrate. They also explain the impact of remittances and loss of agricultural labor, as well as consequences of migration on gender roles and food and water security. For instance, communities with higher levels of income inequality, or relative deprivation, may experience greater levels of out-migration compared to consistently low-income communities. In addition, migration changes intra-household gender-labor composition, which can change the access of smallholders to water resources, affecting the functioning of community-based institutions and consequently household and local food security. IWMI also focuses on circular economy, a strategy to recover and reuse waste, to boost food security and understand how interventions can encourage refugee and host communities to retain scarce resources.

This focus area contributes to the following One CGIAR impact areas:

Nutrition, health and food security Poverty reduction, livelihoods and jobs Gender equality, youth and inclusion

Human capacity development and knowledge exchange

Scaling farmer-led irrigation requires strengthening human capacity and knowledge exchange among all actors and stakeholders involved. IWMI takes an action research approach, working with national and international research institutions, governments, extension agents and public and private organizations to co-develop the scaling ecosystem and strengthen capacity to drive scaling networks and collective action. We support the development of or reinforce national multi-stakeholder dialogues with the aim of sharing scaling experiences and realizing win-win collaboration, interactive learning and capacity development. Other modalities for capacity development include hackathons, innovation research grants for bachelor’s and master’s students, private sector scaling grants and innovation internships with private companies. These all serve to stimulate local and contextually relevant innovation, close the research-private sector divide and enhance job readiness among young professionals.

This focus area contributes to the following One CGIAR impact areas:

Nutrition, health and food security Poverty reduction, livelihoods and jobs Gender equality, youth and inclusion Environmental health and biodiversity Climate adaptation and mitigation

Financing ecosystem

A lack of affordable credit, particularly for women and resource-poor farmers, is one of the main barriers to expanding farmer-led irrigation in low- and middle-income countries. But credit alone is not enough. Financing for irrigation equipment must be embedded in a wider financing ecosystem that bundles credit with inputs and services, market information and access, and technology such as digital payment. In several countries, irrigation equipment suppliers are stepping in to provide financing directly to farmers. In doing so, they increase their own risk. To address this issue, IWMI works with farmers, private companies, finance institutions and development partners such as the World Bank Group to analyze whether credit-scoring tools are inclusive. We also help to identify gaps in the financing ecosystem and de-risk the private sector from testing innovative end-user financing mechanisms that take into account farming system typologies, financial and social capital and crop seasonality.

This focus area contributes to the following One CGIAR impact areas:

Poverty reduction, livelihoods and jobs Gender equality, youth and inclusion

Adaptive scaling and partnerships

The ability of farmers to engage in or expand irrigation depends on the prevailing socioeconomic, ecological and political contexts, which are often complex, non-linear and changeable. Overcoming systemic barriers to farmer-led irrigation development while taking advantage of existing opportunities requires scaling processes to be adaptive. This means diverse actors feed off, adapt to, support, cooperate, compete and interact with each other, forming different multi-actor networks and engaging in collective action to undertake various functions in the scaling ecosystem. IWMI works with farmers and public and private sector partners to co-design and pilot contextually relevant innovation bundles and their scaling pathways or strategies, influence policies and accelerate the transition to scale of innovations with demonstrated early impact.

This focus area contributes to the following One CGIAR impact areas:

Nutrition, health and food security Poverty reduction, livelihoods and jobs Gender equality, youth and inclusion Environmental health and biodiversity Climate adaptation and mitigation

Environmental sustainability

Population pressure and increasing water competition in a changing climate require us to take stock of the availability and use of water across scales. Water availability not only influences farmers’ commercial prospects but also irrigation-related enterprises and agri-businesses. Greater water scarcity could jeopardize irrigation and agricultural markets while excessive water use can lead to declining ecosystems, water quality and soil health. IWMI advises development partners and the public and private sectors on all aspects of water resource availability and use through a variety of advanced modeling and remote-sensing products and tools, including Water Accounting+solar irrigation mapping and internet of things. These are complemented by multi-criteria analysis to evaluate the potential of irrigation expansion, taking into consideration environmental flows. With our private sector partners, we are leveraging converging technologies, such as sensors on solar pumps that capture usage data, to encourage better resource management and governance.

This focus area contributes to the following One CGIAR impact areas:

Environmental health and biodiversity Climate adaptation and mitigation

Gender and social inclusion

The barriers facing women and men in accessing irrigation technologies are not the same. Neither are the benefits. Social, cultural and religious norms influence inter- and intra-household power relations. These, in turn, affect access to resources such as land, credit, information and training. IWMI carries out cross-dimensional analysis of gender and social inclusion in policy, financing, livelihood assets and access, institutional approaches and interventions as well as gender-based technology preferences. For example, we work with farmers, financial institutions and the private sector to address gender-based constraints in credit scoring and enhance women’s purchasing power. But benefitting from farmer-led irrigation does not stop at accessing and adopting technologies; enabling women and resource-poor farmers to participate in input and output markets is equally important to ensure that investments in irrigation result in improved nutrition and economic empowerment. Other ways we enhance gender and social inclusion include tackling agency issues around financial management and literacy, livelihood diversity and social capital as well as access to infrastructure, extension services and market linkages.

This focus area contributes to the following One CGIAR impact areas:

Poverty reduction, livelihoods and jobs Gender equality, youth and inclusion

Innovation bundles

Farmer-led irrigation development is about much more than installing a pump in a field. It requires access to financing, labor, energy, and input and output markets, so that investments in irrigation translate into sustainable returns. IWMI uses a systemic approach to understand the farming system as well as the factors in the enabling environment that prevent women, men and youth from engaging in and benefitting equitably from farmer-led irrigation. We partner with farmers and the public and private sectors to test contextually relevant innovation bundles that combine irrigation technology such as solar pumps with financing mechanisms like pay-as-you-own or pay-as-you-go, agricultural inputs and agronomic techniques. We also look at ways to improve on-farm water management and nutrient use efficiency and reduce evapotranspiration through digital advances and agricultural extension. We integrate the scaling of innovation bundles into agricultural value chains to enhance the impacts on farmers’ irrigation investments, incomes and livelihoods.

This focus area contributes to the following One CGIAR impact areas:

Nutrition, health and food security Poverty reduction, livelihoods and jobs Gender equality, youth and inclusion Environmental health and biodiversity Climate adaptation and mitigation