- The terrain transitions from coastal lowlands in the east to high plains and mountains in the west.
- The climate is predominately tropical and influenced by the Indian Ocean monsoon rains.
- From open forest to brush and savanna, the country is host to diverse plant and animal species.
- Habitat loss, overfishing and pollution are threats.2
- Four-fifths of the working population depend on agriculture, which contributes to one quarter of GDP.3
- Nearly half of the land is fertile but mostly unproductive.4
- In addition to maize and cassava, the two staple crops, farmers grow groundnut, beans, rice and vegetables.
- Small-scale fishing is a significant source of food and income for thousands of Mozambicans.5
- The country has 104 river basins, which drain into the Indian Ocean.6
- The Zambezi River flows 509 miles through Mozambique to the ocean, draining 87,000 sq. miles of the central region.7
- Lake Niassa (Lake Malawi) and Lake Chirua (Lake Chilwa) are both shared with Malawi.
Potential to expand groundwater use is high.8
- The country is expected to become one of the world’s largest producers of coal and natural gas.9
- Foreign investors are also interested in its oil reserves.10
- The Cahora Bassa Dam on the Zambezi River is the largest hydroelectric dam in southern Africa.11
- Almost all of the country’s electricity comes from hydropower.12
- Over half of the population lives on less than $1 a day.13
- 70% of the population is rural, the majority of which depends on subsistence farming.14
- Severe flooding in 2000 and 2001 affected 1/4th of the population and destroyed much of the infrastructure.15
- A long coastline and three major ports provide opportunities to expand fisheries, tourism and trade.16
Photos:1,2,3,5-Stevie Mann/ILRI; 4-Rich Beilfuss/Creative Commons