In the August 2023 Al-Monitor PRO Trend Report, the International Water Management Institute (IWMI) is highlighted within the context of the deteriorating water security situation in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. Youssef Brouziyne, head of the MENA Office at IWMI, discussed the complexities of water scarcity in the region, emphasizing the various challenges related to water security. The report explores the factors contributing to water insecurity in MENA, such as climate change, unsustainable agricultural practices, conflict, population growth, and financial limitations. It also delves into solutions adopted by certain countries like Israel and the United Arab Emirates, which have achieved high levels of water efficiency through innovative technologies and strategies, including desalination. The report suggests that international organizations, like the World Bank, are increasingly focusing on funding projects to address water scarcity in the MENA region. As water resources become scarcer, tensions between countries could rise, potentially leading to competition for water sources and infrastructure development aimed at securing water supply.
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