In light of the myriad environmental challenges that the world faces in the 21st century, a sustainable approach is fundamental to the national development of every country. A comprehensive environmental plan can help mitigate ecological disaster.
A report by the FAO and the Water, Land and Ecosystems program led by the International Water Management Institute shows that 38% of bodies of water in the EU are threatened by agricultural pollution. Polluted bodies of water suffer from reduced biodiversity and can have grave effects the health of nearby human populations.
According to the FAO, one-third of the earth’s agricultural land is moderately to highly degraded due to erosion, salinization, compaction, acidification, and chemical pollution of soils. However, this process is not irreversible, and steps can be taken to restore soil’s fertility.