The CGIAR Research Program on Aquatic Agricultural Systems (AAS) developed the Research in Development (RinD) approach to carry out Mode 2 research in five geographically-defined hubs in Bangladesh, Zambia, Cambodia, the Philippines and Solomon Islands. In March 2016 the program published a Working Paper that pulls together three and a half years of results and learning.
In the paper RinD emerges as a strengths-based engagement strategy based on participatory action research (PAR). In each hub, an AAS team engaged with communities and hub-level stakeholders to agree on a pressing development challenge facing key aquatic agricultural systems and the pathways to tackling it. AAS facilitated PAR to tackle their respective challenges, linked to broader CGIAR research expertise.