Land and water degradation poses a significant threat to food security and the livelihoods and wellbeing of rural populations in Asia and Sub Saharan Africa that occupy degraded-prone marginal lands. This issue is of particular relevance in countries where lateral expansion of agricultural industries through exploitation of land and water resources is exhausted and therefore migration of communities to new areas is restricted. The overall purpose of the project is to enhance the livelihoods and food security of smallholder communities through a series of linked common activities. This will be achieved through a global survey of locations where degradation of land and water resources interact with household food security and quality of livelihoods; to analyze in detail the link between degradation and poverty and its alleviation through the development of ‘bright’ spots which effectively reverse these degradation trends; and to develop guidelines for the assessment and analysis of ‘bright’ spots that could be used to perpetuate their occurrence. These guidelines will be validated using a limited number of case studies. This study will focus on South East Asia, Central Asia, Africa and South America.
Collaborators: CIAT, TNAU, University of Maryland, PRI, IRD, ICRISAT, CDE-GIUB, ISRIC.
Duration: 2002 to 2003
Noble, AD, DA Bossio, FWT Penning de Vries, J Pretty and TM Thiyagarajan, Intensifying Agricultural Sustainability: An Analysis of Impacts and Drivers in the Development of 'Bright Spots'. CA Research Report 13, 2006
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