1. Mapping water productivity: assess water (and land) productivity at basin level for the key crops, complementary livestock/fishery outputs, specific livelihood strategies, and environmental values, spatially disaggregated across the basin.
2. Mapping water poverty: assess spatial patterns of poverty and access of poor people to productive land and water resources throughout the basin.
3. Analysing high potential interventions: identify, assess interventions that can improve water (and land) productivity, the access poor people have to productive water and land resources and the sustainability of natural resource use, i.e. help achieve the MDGs.
4. Assessing impacts: assess the potential impacts of interventions on their contribution towards achieving the MDGs.
The four new IWMI themes are:
1. Basin Water Management: understanding water productivity;
2. Land, Water and Livelihoods: improving livelihoods for the rural poor;
3. Agriculture, Water and Cities: making an asset out of wastewater; and
4. Water Management and Environment: balancing water for food and nature.